R-M Frieboes

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This study has used neuropsychological tasks--Wisconsin Card Sort (WCST), Trail Making (TMT) A and B, Verbal Fluency, Digit Span--to compare acute and currently off-medication schizophrenics, patients with unipolar nonpsychotic major depression and healthy controls. Both patient groups differed significantly from healthy controls in their neuropsychological(More)
OBJECTIVE Current hypotheses hold that mechanisms underlying abnormal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) function are causal factors in the precipitation of depression. If this is the case, then normalization of initially disturbed HPA regulation should indicate a good prognosis and persistent HPA dysregulation should be associated with a greater(More)
Leptin, the protein product of the obese (ob) gene, has been suggested to play a role in the regulation of food intake. As depressive episodes are frequently characterized by loss of appetite, reduced food intake and weight loss, altered leptin secretion might also be expected in patients with depression. Therefore, we examined nocturnal (10.00 p.m. to 7.00(More)
The treatment of delusional depression is a major challenge in psychopharmacology. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) overdrive may contribute, via increased dopaminergic activity, to the pathophysiology of the disorder. Trimipramine appears to be an interesting potential candidate, since it is an atypical antidepressant that is known to inhibit(More)
Anxiolytic and sedative effects of neuropeptide Y (NPY) are thought to involve inhibition of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). Enhanced secretion of CRH plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of major depression, characterized by sleep disturbances, anxiety and loss of appetite. We examined for the first time in young men effects of intravenous(More)
Administration of hormones to humans and animals results in specific effects on the sleep electroencephalogram (EEG) and nocturnal hormone secretion. Studies with pulsatile administration of various neuropeptides in young and old normal controls and in patients with depression suggest they play a key role in sleep-endocrine regulation. Growth hormone(More)
In patients with depression, enhanced secretion of ACTH and cortisol, a reduction in slow wave sleep (SWS) and a blunted nocturnal growth hormone (GH) surge have been described and attributed, at least partly, to an elevation of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), hence a shift in the ratio between growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) and CRH. We(More)
After severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), sleep disturbances and changes in hormone secretion are frequently observed. Similarly, in depression, abnormalities of sleep and neuroendocrine regulation are common. To test the hypothesis that the changes in brain-injured patients several months after injury are similar to those seen in patients with depression,(More)
Centrally administered vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) promotes rapid eye movement (REM) sleep in rats, rabbits, and cats. We studied the effect of 4 x 10 micrograms VIP (expt 1, n = 7) and 4 x 50 micrograms VIP (expt 2, n = 10) administered hourly as intravenous boluses between 2200 and 0100 on sleep electroencephalogram and secretion of plasma(More)
The synthetic hexapeptide growth hormone-releasing peptide (GHRP-6) stimulates growth hormone (GH) release in animals and man. GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) has the same effect. In addition, pulsatile administration of GHRH in normal men results in increased slow-wave sleep (SWS) and blunted cortisol levels. The effect of GHRP on nocturnal hormone secretion(More)