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The MDM2 protein negatively regulates p53 expression level in modulating DNA repair, cell-cycle control, cell growth and apoptosis. Polymorphisms in the promoter region of the MDM2 gene have been shown to alter protein expression and may, thus, play a role in carcinogenesis. To test our hypothesis that the MDM2 promoter polymorphisms are associated with(More)
Benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE)-induced DNA adducts are a risk factor for tobacco-related cancers. Excision repair cross-complementing complementation group 1 (ERCC1) and excision repair cross-complementing complementation group 2/xeroderma pigmentosum D (ERCC2/XPD) participate in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway that removes BPDE-DNA(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to determine if race and age are independent prognostic factors for survival in patients treated for squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and pharynx. METHODS Retrospective study. RESULTS Out of 909 patients registered, 815 (90%) were white and 94 (10%) were African-American. The median age was 60 years (range(More)
BACKGROUND To expand upon recent research studies that have identified dramatic ethnic differences in adolescent cigarette smoking, this study was designed to characterize smoking among a multiethnic population of adolescents and to identify significant factors that may protect against smoking initiation. METHODS During the first 2 years, this mixed(More)
Eliminating racial and ethnic health disparities requires restructuring the biomedical models that have focused on the individual as the level of analysis and emphasized the parts rather than the whole. A recently developed understanding of human physiology and adaptive regulation, constructs of allostasis and allostatic load, provides a theoretical(More)
This report describes a longitudinal study of the natural course of smoking initiation in a school-based, ethnically diverse (42% White, 37% African American, 20% Hispanic) sample of adolescents in grades 5, 8, and 12 who were followed prospectively for 1 year. A cohort of 659 students was identified who were never smokers at baseline and who completed(More)
BACKGROUND The Working Well Trial (WWT) emphasized employee participation in the planning and implementation of the health promotion intervention. These participatory strategies were intended to promote institutionalization of the health promotion program and thereby encourage maintenance of the intervention activities. We used data from 107 worksites in(More)
To assess participants' perceptions of a phase I colon cancer chemoprevention trial using a calcium intervention, questionnaires were mailed to trial participants at the conclusion of the study. Responses to questionnaire items reported here include (1) perceived benefits and barriers of participation, (2) interest in participating in future trials, (3)(More)
BACKGROUND Interindividual differences in the structure and expression of the dopamine receptor genes affect dopamine availability and may be the genetic basis for variation in vulnerability to tobacco smoking. In this study, prevalences of polymorphisms in the TaqIA allele (A1 and A2) and the TaqIB allele (B1 and B2) of the D2 dopamine receptor gene in 157(More)
Detailed medical family history data have been proposed to be effective in identifying high-risk families for targeted intervention. With use of a validated and standardized quantitative family risk score (FRS), the degree of familial aggregation of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, hypertension, and diabetes was obtained from 122,155 Utah families and(More)