R. M. Chamberlain

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Genetic variants in genes controlling cellular processes such as cell cycle, DNA repair, and apoptosis may modulate lung cancer risk. p73 has some p53-like activity and plays an important role in modulating these processes. The noncoding region of exon 2 of the p73 gene has two polymorphisms that are in complete linkage disequilibrium with one another,(More)
p73, a novel p53 homolog, has some p53-like activity and plays an important role in modulating cell-cycle control, apoptosis and cell growth. p73 regulates differentiation of head and neck squamous epithelium, and changes in p73 may lead to the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Two linked non-coding exon 2 polymorphisms(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand stimulates the extrinsic apoptoticpathway by binding to death receptors 4 (DR4) and 5 (DR5). In DR4 exon 4, a C-->G polymorphism at amino acid 626 located immediately 3' to one of the main receptor ligand interface regions, results in a threonine-->arginine change. We found that the DR4 exon 4 G/G(More)
Benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE)-induced DNA adducts are a risk factor for tobacco-related cancers. Excision repair cross-complementing complementation group 1 (ERCC1) and excision repair cross-complementing complementation group 2/xeroderma pigmentosum D (ERCC2/XPD) participate in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway that removes BPDE-DNA(More)
INTRODUCTION The nucleotide excision repair gene, xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group D (XPD), has been hypothesized to have a role in cancer risk, but results from prior molecular epidemiologic studies and genotype-phenotype analyses are conflicting. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined the frequency of the XPD Asp312Asn polymorphism in exon 10 and(More)
Recent research suggests that variant alleles (A1 and B1) of the DRD2 gene play a role in determining smoking status. However, no studies have evaluated these variant alleles in African-Americans and Mexican-Americans. The primary objective of this study, therefore, was to test the hypothesis that ever smokers in these ethnic groups are more likely than(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to determine if race and age are independent prognostic factors for survival in patients treated for squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and pharynx. METHODS Retrospective study. RESULTS Out of 909 patients registered, 815 (90%) were white and 94 (10%) were African-American. The median age was 60 years (range(More)
Genetic variations in phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)-AKT-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway may affect critical cellular functions and increase an individual's cancer risk. We systematically evaluate 231 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 19 genes in the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway as predictors of bladder cancer risk. In individual(More)
Second primary tumors (SPTs) develop at an annual rate of 3-7% in patients with head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). In a previous Phase III study, we observed that high doses of 13-cis-retinoic acid reduced the SPT rate in this disease. In 1991, we launched an intergroup, placebo-controlled, double-blind study to evaluate the efficacy of low-dose(More)
BACKGROUND To expand upon recent research studies that have identified dramatic ethnic differences in adolescent cigarette smoking, this study was designed to characterize smoking among a multiethnic population of adolescents and to identify significant factors that may protect against smoking initiation. METHODS During the first 2 years, this mixed(More)