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Clathrin-coated vesicles transport selected integral membrane proteins from the cell surface and the trans-Golgi network to the endosomal system. Before fusing with their target the vesicles must be stripped of their coats. This process is effected by the chaperone protein hsp70c together with a 100K cofactor which we here identify as the coat protein(More)
BACKGROUND We previously identified a functional variant in a let-7 microRNA (miRNA) complementary site in the 3'-untranslated region of the KRAS oncogene (rs61764370) which is associated with cancer. We aimed to investigate the association of this KRAS variant with breast cancer and tumour biology. METHODS We assessed frequency distributions of the KRAS(More)
In search of hitherto undiscovered coat proteins, clathrin-associated proteins (APs) from coated vesicles of bovine brain were affinity-purified by one cycle of coat assembly and fractionated by gel filtration on Superose 6. Immunochemical and gel electrophoretic analysis of the fractions revealed, besides AP180, auxilin, HA1, and HA2, a component with M(r)(More)
The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between tumor hypoxia assessed by CA IX protein expression and loss of BRCA1 function in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Protein expression of CA IX and BRCA1 was evaluated by AQUA™ technology on two breast cancer cohorts: an unselected cohort of 637 breast cancer patients and a TNBC cohort of(More)
The anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides uses different energy sources, depending on environmental conditions including aerobic respiration or, in the absence of oxygen, photosynthesis. Photosynthetic genes are repressed at high oxygen tension, but at intermediate levels their partial expression prepares the bacterium for using light(More)
Hydrogen-deuterium exchange (HDX) experiments analyzed by mass spectrometry (MS) provide information about the dynamics and the solvent accessibility of protein backbone amide hydrogen atoms. Continuous improvement of MS instrumentation has contributed to the increasing popularity of this method; however, comprehensive automated data analysis is only(More)
Transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) overcomes limitations of previously used RNA quantification methods and provides one experimental framework for both high-throughput characterization and quantification of transcripts at the nucleotide level. The first step and a major challenge in the analysis of such experiments is the mapping of sequencing reads to a(More)
Germline variants in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of cancer genes disrupting microRNA (miRNA) regulation have recently been associated with cancer risk. A variant in the 3'UTR of the KRAS oncogene, referred to as the KRAS variant, is associated with both cancer risk and altered tumor biology. Here, we test the hypothesis that the KRAS variant can act(More)
Small G proteins have key roles in signal transduction pathways. They are switched from the signaling 'on' to the non-signaling 'off' state when GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) provide a catalytic residue. The ancient signal recognition particle (SRP)-type GTPases form GTP-dependent homo- and heterodimers and deviate from the canonical switch paradigm in(More)