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We describe the characteristics of SR 48692, a selective, nonpeptide antagonist of the neurotensin receptor. In vitro, this compound competitively inhibits 125I-labeled neurotensin binding to the high-affinity binding site present in brain tissue from various species with IC50 values of 0.99 +/- 0.14 nM (guinea pig), 4.0 +/- 0.4 nM (rat mesencephalic(More)
An arylaminopyridazine derivative of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), SR 95103, has been shown to be a selective antagonist of GABA at the GABAA receptor site. Subsequent structure-activity studies showed that suppressing the methyl in the 4-position of the pyridazine ring, and substituting the phenyl ring at the para position with a chlorine (SR 42641) or a(More)
Microinjection of neurotensin(1-13) or neurotensin(8-13) into the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of anaesthetized rats produced dose-dependent (1-100 pg) dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens as measured by differential pulse amperometry (DPA). Higher doses (100 pg-10 ng) of [D-Tyr11]neurotensin were required to produce an identical effect. In addition,(More)
A synthetic derivative of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), SR 95531 [2-(3'-carboxy-2'-propyl)-3-amino-6-p-methoxyphenylpyridazinium bromide], has recently been reported, on the basis of biochemical and in vivo microiontophoretic studies, to be a potent, selective, competitive, and reversible GABAA antagonist. In the present study, the binding of [3H]SR 95531(More)
SR 95531 has been shown to be a potent, selective, reversible and competitive GABAA antagonist. In the present study we report that (3H)SR 95531 binds with high affinity and in a specific and saturable manner to rat brain membranes. Scatchard analysis revealed two binding sites (KD: 6 nM; Bmax: 0.24 pmol/mg protein and KD: 38 nM; Bmax: 0.66 pmol/mg(More)
Alterations in gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) metabolism have been investigated in the kindling model of epilepsy. Numerous generalized seizures were induced by amygdala-kindling stimulations in rats. One week after the last stimulation, there were no changes in GABA levels nor in the activity of enzymes responsible for the synthesis (glutamic acid(More)
In rat striatal slices, the increase (114 +/- 11%) in K(+)-evoked [3H]dopamine release induced by neurotensin (10 nM) was antagonized by 2-[(1-(7-chloro-4-quinolinyl)-5-(2,6-dimethoxyphenyl)pyrazol-3-yl) carboxylamino]tricyclo(3.3.1.1.3.7)decan-2-carboxylic acid (SR 48692, IC50 = 1.2 +/- 0.11 nM). SR 48692 (100 nM) also suppressed the neurotensin (10(More)
We intended to determine whether the effect of neurotensin (NT) on K+ and electrically evoked [3H]dopamine (DA) release from rat and guinea-pig striatal slices involved different mechanisms and/or receptors. In the two species, NT and three NT agonists were found to exhibit different relative potencies to enhance K+- and electrically-evoked [3H]DA release.(More)
The effect of neurotensin (NT) on the K+-evoked (3H)5HT release from brain frontal cortex slices was studied in rats. NT(1-13) and NT(8-13) increased (3H)5HT release with EC50 values in the nanomolar range and Emax values in the range of 100% of control, whereas D-tyr11-NT was inactive. Concerning NT receptor antagonists, SR 48692 and SR 142948A antagonized(More)
The capacity of amoxicillin to elicit allergenic reactions in vitro was determined on benzyl-penicillin sensitive patients. RAST and histamine release were performed on blood of these patients using B pen linked to human serum albumin (BPO-HSA) as allergen. A relationship was noted between the results of the in vitro tests and the date of the allergic(More)