R. Leonhardt

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Methyl mercury (MeHg) is a widespread toxicant with major actions on the nervous system. Since the function of neurons depends on voltage gated ion channels, we examined the effects of micromolar concentrations of methyl mercury on voltage-activated calcium, potassium and sodium channel currents of cultured rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. The cells,(More)
In contrast to the high degree of experience-dependent plasticity usually exhibited by cortical representational maps, a number of experiments performed in visual cortex suggest that the basic layout of orientation preference maps is only barely susceptible to activity-dependent modifications. In fact, most of what we know about activity-dependent(More)
The actions of bath applied mercuric chloride (HgCl2) and methylmercury (CH3HgCl) on voltage-activated calcium channel currents (VACCCs) were tested, using the whole cell patch clamp recording technique with cultured dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons from 2-4 day old rat pups. Both metal compounds reduced the current irreversibly in a concentration(More)
The effect of different amounts of orally ingested ethanol on plasma alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and erythrocyte aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), as well as on the blood ethanol and acetaldehyde levels, was examined in healthy nonalcoholic subjects. The genotypes at ADH2 and ALDH2 locus were identified in enzymatically amplified blood DNA by hybridization(More)
The effects of vitamin E on lipid peroxidation, intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), and cell death were investigated in the postischemic immature cerebellum. Deprivation of oxygen and glucose for 10-min in a suspension of freshly dissociated granule cells from the cerebellum of 9-day-old male rat pups resulted in a recovery-induced consumption(More)
Using the conventional whole-cell patch-clamp recording technique with cultured neurones of rat dorsal root ganglions (DRG), we analysed the effects of trimethyl lead (TML) on voltage-activated calcium channel currents. TML reduces voltage-activated calcium channel currents in a dose-dependent manner, with a threshold concentration below 0.5 microM and a(More)
In order to test blood detoxication systems on cellulose basis (hollow fibers as separation material) histomorphological examinations were performed after incorporation in 10 rabbits. Already after 12 days granulation tissue around the cellulose fibers was found as foreign body reaction, but the implants remain uninjured up to 86 days. The lateral stability(More)
In contrast to somatosensory cortex (SI), where the pervasiveness of reorganizational capacities is well-established, plasticity of receptive fields (RFs) of adult primary visual cortex (VI) remains controversial. To investigate RF plasticity in VI of adult rats, we here used intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) to overcome particularities related to(More)