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Global grey matter (GM) loss has been reported in multiple sclerosis (MS). We addressed the question of if and where GM loss is localized by means of optimized voxel-based morphometry, applied to MRI studies of 51 patients with clinically defined relapsing-remitting MS and 34 age-matched normal subjects, segmented into normal and abnormal brain tissues(More)
BACKGROUND Copolymer 1 (Cop-1) is a random synthetic amino acid copolymer, effective in the treatment of the relapsing-remitting form of MS (RRMS). In vitro and in vivo studies suggest that the mechanism of Cop-1 involves its binding to major histocompatibility complex class II molecules as an initial step. OBJECTIVE To assess a possible relationship(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) techniques provided evidences into the understanding of cognitive impairment (CIm) in Multiple Sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVES To investigate the role of white matter (WM) and gray matter (GM) in predicting long-term CIm in a cohort of MS patients. METHODS 303 out of 597 patients participating in a previous(More)
Natalizumab-treated patients have a higher risk of developing progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. Exposure to John Cunningham virus (JCV) is a prerequisite for PML (progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy). To assess JCV exposure in multiple sclerosis patients, we performed a serological examination, obtained the antibody index, performed(More)
To evaluate changes in T1 and T2* relaxometry of dentate nuclei (DN) with respect to the number of previous administrations of Gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCA). In 74 relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RR-MS) patients with variable disease duration (9.8±6.8 years) and severity (Expanded Disability Status Scale scores:3.1±0.9), the DN R1 (1/T1)(More)
A large body of evidence suggests that, besides their cholesterol-lowering effect, statins exert anti-inflammatory action. Consequently, statins may have therapeutic potential in immune-mediated disorders such as multiple sclerosis. Our objectives were to determine safety, tolerability and efficacy of low-dose atorvastatin plus high-dose interferon beta-1a(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this paper is to identify clinical or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) predictors of long-term clinical progression in a large cohort of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. METHODS A total of 241 relapsing-remitting (RR) MS patients were included in a nine-year follow-up (FU) study. The reference MRIs were acquired at baseline(More)
Epileptic seizures occur more frequently in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients than in the general population. We evaluated clinical, electroencephalographic (EEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, as well as EEG-MRI correlations and the response to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in 270 consecutive patients with definite MS referred to our Department(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and clinical relevance of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and healthy controls using extra- and intracranial colour Doppler sonography. METHODS We examined 146 MS patients, presenting with a clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting,(More)
IMPORTANCE The evaluation of therapeutic choices is needed after 24 doses of natalizumab in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of therapeutic choices on the mean annualized relapse rate and on magnetic resonance imaging MS activity after 24 doses of natalizumab in patients with relapsing-remitting MS. DESIGN,(More)