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OBJECTIVE This study used quantitative radiological imaging to determine the effect of surgical resection on postoperative survival of patients with malignant astrocytomas. Previous studies relied on the surgeons' impressions of the amount of tumor removed, which is a less reliable measure of the extent of resection. METHODS Information concerning(More)
The functional and structural characteristics of the neuromuscular junction were studied in anconeus muscle biopsies of 10 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Intracellular recordings revealed decreased amplitudes of miniature endplate potentials (MEPPs). The MEPP frequencies were highly variable in ALS patients but the average MEPP frequency(More)
Originally described by Lugaresi et al. in 1986 (ref. 1), fatal familial insomnia (FFI) is a rare inherited neurological disease characterized by the subacute progression of intractable insomnia and other autonomic abnormalities, cerebellar and pyramidal signs, myoclonus and dementia; neuropathologically, the major feature is severe neuronal loss with(More)
The neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM) is a cell-surface glycoprotein that may mediate some intercellular adhesive interactions in the nervous system. In adult rat muscle, N-CAM is concentrated near neuromuscular junctions and on satellite cells, but is nearly undetectable in nonsynaptic portions of myofibers. However, N-CAM is abundant throughout(More)
In an attempt to investigate the role of tissue fibrinolytic activity in the resolution of intracerebral hematoma, an experimental model of intracerebral hematoma was developed in the rat. The fibrinolytic activity was studied using a histochemical fibrin slide technique. A total of 59 adult male rats were studied. Twenty-nine rats were used for developing(More)
We studied neuromuscular transmission in 16 patients with prior poliomyelitis by measuring single fiber electromyographic (SFEMG) jitter. This was compared with 3 indirect methods of assessing reinnervation: SFEMG fiber density, macro EMG, and the presence of fiber type grouping on muscle biopsy. In patients with acute poliomyelitis before the age of 10,(More)
The case of a 42-year-old man with a cerebral glioblastoma multiforme associated with marked neovascularization of the arachnoid of the brain stem and spinal cord is reported. All of the neurological symptoms and signs were referrable to the glioblastoma and resultant craniotomies. The arachnoid contained a proliferation of well differentiated blood(More)
A previously healthy 10-year-old girl suffered sudden, binocular visual deterioration. During the next few years her neurologic and visual condition progressively worsened and she developed hypertension, seizures, ataxia, and lactic acidemia, leading to death at the age of 16 years. Bilateral optic disk pallor was followed by the loss of the foveal reflex(More)
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