R. L. Schowen

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Acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) and acetolactate synthase (ALS) are thiamine diphosphate (ThDP)-dependent enzymes that catalyze the decarboxylation of pyruvate to give a cofactor-bound hydroxyethyl group, which is transferred to a second molecule of pyruvate to give 2-acetolactate. AHAS is found in plants, fungi, and bacteria, is involved in the(More)
S-Adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy) hydrolase has emerged as an attractive target for antiparasitic drug design because of its role in the regulation of all S-adenosylmethionine-dependent transmethylation reactions, including those reactions crucial for parasite replication. From a genomic DNA library of Trypanosoma cruzi, we have isolated a gene that encodes a(More)
Purpose. To develop a facile functional assay for quantitative determination of the apparent affinities of compounds that interact with the taxol binding site of P-glcoprotein (P-gp) in Caco-2 cell monolayers. Methods. A transport inhibition approach was taken to determine the inhibitory effects of compounds on the active transport of [3H]-taxol, a known(More)
Mimetics of beta-turn structures in proteins have been used to calibrate the relative reactivities toward deamidation of asparagine residues in the two central positions of a beta-turn and in a random coil. N-Acetyl-Asn-Gly-6-aminocaproic acid, an acyclic analog of a beta-turn mimic undergoes deamidation of the asparaginyl residue through a succinimide(More)
The chemical stability of recombinant human lymphotoxin (rhLT) was evaluated at pH 7, 9, and 11 and 40 degrees C using quantitative tryptic map and urea-IEF methods. Degradation products were characterized by mass spectrometry. The stability of denatured rhLT protein was also evaluated to elucidate the effects of three-dimensional structures on Asn(More)
The proton inventory technique uses the dependence of enzymic reaction rate on the atom fraction of deuterium present in mixtures of protium oxide and deuterium oxide to deduce for simple cases the number of exchangeable hydrogenic sites that produce isotope effects, and the magnitude of the isotope effect generated at each site. For more complex cases,(More)
Ribavirin (1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide riboside) is a well-known antiviral drug. Ribavirin has also been reported to inhibit human S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase (Hs-SAHH), which catalyzes the conversion of S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine to adenosine and homocysteine. We now report that ribavirin, which is structurally similar to adenosine, produces(More)
This paper examines the effect of water content, water activity, and glass transition temperature (T(g)) on the deamidation of an asparagine-containing hexapeptide (VYPNGA; Asn-hexapeptide) in lyophilized poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) at 50 degrees C. The rate of Asn-hexapeptide deamidation increases with increasing water(More)