R.L. Santos

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There are conflicting findings about the sexual effects of REM sleep deprivation (REMd). Otherwise, several studies show a dopaminergic hypersensitivity after REMd. The effect of REMd and amantadine (AMA) was studied for standard measures and temporal patterning in the first experiment, in four groups: normal with vehicle, normal with AMA (5.0 and 10(More)
The effects of serotonin precursors (L-5-hydroxytryptophan and L-tryptophan, with or without MAO inhibitors) and of agonists (quipazine and 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine-MeO-DMT) were studied in 3 day REM-deprived or control rats, by recording the presence of the serotonin syndrome and the number of head shakes. The REM sleep-deprived rats showed a(More)
The effects of amantadine on sexual behavior, penile erection, and seminal emission of male rats was studied. Amantadine significantly decreased latency of mounts in all doses (1.25 to 50 mg/kg), and decreased the number of mounts and intromission latency at the highest doses used. The lowest dose of amantadine significantly increased ejaculation latency(More)
Drospirenone (DRSP) is a progestin with anti-aldosterone properties and it reduces blood pressure in hypertensive women. However, the effects of DRSP on endothelium-dependent coronary vasodilation have not been evaluated. This study investigated the effects of combined therapy with estrogen (E2) and DRSP on endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the coronary(More)
The relaxation of coronary arteries by estrogens in the coronary vascular beds of naive and hypertensive rats has been well described. However, little is known about this action in gonadectomized rats. We investigated the effect of 17-ß-estradiol (E2) in coronary arteries from gonadectomized rats, as well as the contributions of endothelium-derived factors(More)
Red tears (chromodacryorrhea) in rats are due to porphyrin pigments secreted by Harder's glands and are believed to involve muscarinic mechanisms. Chromodacryorrhea was observed in rats treated with pilocarpine, oxotremorine and neostigmine and this response was blocked by anticholinergic drugs. However, in rats deprived of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep(More)
The present work studied the effects of REM sleep deprivation on the responses to cholinomimetic drugs in rats. Cataleptic behavior induced by pilocarpine, oxotremorine and eserine was not modified by previous REM sleep deprivation. On the other hand, the intensity of oxotremorine- and eserine-induced tremors, but not that of pilocarpine, was clearly(More)
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