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Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of benzene (CAS No. 71-43-2; greater than 99.7% pure) were conducted in groups of 60 F344/N rats and 60 B6C3F1 mice of each sex for each of three exposure doses and vehicle controls. These composite studies on benzene were designed and conducted because of large production volume and widespread human exposure, because(More)
Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of pentachlorophenol (penta), a biocide used primarily as a wood preservative, were conducted by feeding diets containing a technical-grade composite or Dowicide EC-7 (a commercial grade with lower levels of contaminants) to groups of B6C3F1 mice. Based primarily on liver lesions (hepatocellular necrosis, degeneration,(More)
ortho-Chloroaniline (o-CA) andmeta-chloroaniline (m-CA) are chemical intermediates for pigment production in the textile industry. Comparative subchronic gavage studies were conducted to determine the effect of structure on toxicity.o-CA orm-CA was administered to 10 animals/sex/species in deionized water at dosages of 0, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 mg/kg for(More)
Groups of 80 male and female F344 rats were exposed by gavage to ochratoxin A, a naturally occurring mycotoxin, at levels of 21, 70, and 210 micrograms/kg body weight for up to 2 years. Ochratoxin A induced non-neoplastic renal tubular epithelial changes consisting of cytoplasmic alteration, karyomegaly, degeneration, and cysts. Exposure-related renal(More)
Ethylene thiourea (ETU) was fed to groups of rats at 0, 1, 5, 125 or 625 ppm for up to 90 days. Other groups of rats received either propylthiouracil (PTU; 125 ppm) or amitrole (50 ppm) in their diets as positive controls. Only those rats which received ETU at 125 or 625 ppm and those ingesting PTU or amitrole demonstrated a measurable toxic response. This(More)
Male and female F-344 rats and B6C3F1 mice (10/sex/group) were exposed to N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) by whole body inhalation exposure at 0, 50, 100, 200, 400, or 800 ppm, 6 h/day, 5 days/week, for 13 weeks. A concentration-dependent depression in body weight occurred in rats of both sexes at 400 (6-11%) and 800 ppm (20-22%). In contrast, all weight(More)
The US National Toxicology Program (NTP) has conducted toxicity and carcinogenicity studies with sodium fluoride administered in the drinking water to F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice. The drinking water concentrations used in the 2-year studies were 0, 25, 100, or 175 ppm sodium fluoride (equivalent to 0, 11, 45 or 79 ppm fluoride). Survival and weight gains of(More)
Toxicology studies of diethanolamine were conducted in male and female B6C3F1 mice to characterize and compare effects of exposure in the drinking water with those caused by topical application and to compare responses in mice to those observed in rats. Each study consisted of five dose groups plus controls and the size of each group was 10 animals per sex.(More)
Methylene blue trihydrate is used widely as a dye and therapeutic agent. Methylene blue was administered by gavage to 30 animals/sex/dose group in a 0.5% aqueous methylcellulose suspension at doses of 0, 25, 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg. Blood samples from 10 animals/sex/dose group were collected at the end of study weeks 1, 6, and 13. Methylene blue treatment(More)
Acute (single exposure), 14-d repeated exposure, 91-d subchronic, and 103-wk chronic toxicity studies of orally administered (gavage, in corn oil) monochlorobenzene were conducted in male and female Fischer-344 rats and B6C3F1 hybrid mice. A single exposure to 4000 mg/kg was lethal to male and female rats, while a single exposure to a dose as low as 1000(More)