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Serum amyloid A (SAA) is a major acute-phase reactant and apoprotein of high density lipoprotein (HDL). SAA is encoded by a family of three active genes. We examined hepatic expression and searched for extrahepatic expression of the three SAA mRNAs after injection with casein or LPS. Studies using an SAA cDNA, which detects all three SAA mRNAs, revealed(More)
Altered lipoprotein metabolism and vascular injury are considered to be major parts of the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic lesions. Serum amyloid A (SAA) is a family of acute-phase reactants found residing mainly on high density lipoproteins (HDL) in the circulation. Several functions for the SAAs have been proposed that could be important in(More)
The serum amyloid A (SAA) proteins make up a multigene family of apolipoproteins associated with high density lipoproteins. They are of ancient origin; the finding of a highly homologous protein in mammals and ducks indicates that SAAs have been in existence for at least 300 million years. The interspecies similarity among the SAAs makes the mouse, in which(More)
Tissues fixed with organic solvent fixatives such as Carnoy's solution are known to give poor and erratic results with in situ hybridization, whereas those fixed with paraformaldehyde produce more consistent results. To understand this difference and to improve the utility of Carnoy's-fixed tissue for in situ hybridization, we explored several parameters of(More)
Serum amyloid A (apoSAA) is a family of proteins found, mainly associated with high density lipoproteins, in the blood plasma of mammals and at least one avian species, the Pekin duck. These proteins are present in small amounts under normal circumstances, but their concentration is capable of rising 100- to 1,000-fold in situations involving tissue injury(More)
Three homologous genes that code for three related proteins comprise the serum amyloid A (SAA) family in the mouse. Endotoxin induces equally vigorous expression of mRNAs for the three SAA genes in liver. In extrahepatic tissues SAA1 and/or SAA2 mRNAs have been found only in kidney and intestine, however, SAA3 is expressed in all extrahepatic tissues thus(More)
Ovalbumin, unlike other secretory proteins, is synthesized and secreted without cleavage of a hydrophobic signal peptide. Kinetic experiments were performed in a cell-free translation system to measure the minimum size of ovalbumin nascent chains required for binding of both the nascent chain and the corresponding mRNA to microsomal membranes derived from(More)
The deposits of fibrils found in amyloidosis of the A type are derived from only one of the three serum amyloid A (SAA) gene products, namely SAA2. In order to explore the mechanism of SAA isotype-specific amyloid protein AA deposition, the molecular kinetics of the serum amyloid proteins were examined in CBA mice during casein induction of amyloidosis. The(More)
Filaggrin is a histidine-rich protein that is intimately involved in mammalian epidermal keratinization. Using a combination of immunologic and in vivo pulse-chase studies with radiolabeled histidine and phosphate, we show that the phosphorylated precursor of both rat and mouse filaggrin has an apparent molecular weight much higher than previously realized(More)