Learn More
In two experiments we have determined the discriminability between two sinusoidal gratings as a function of orientation and spatial frequency differences. Twelve orientation (15 degrees steps) and four spatial frequencies (2, 4, 8, 12 c/deg) were considered and corresponding discrimination thresholds were determined. Results indicated that: (a) spatial(More)
Psychometric functions for the recognition of vernier displacements have been measured in 6 strabismic amblyopes, 1 anisometropic amblyope, and 1 bilateral amblyope of unknown aetiology. In the non-amblyopic eyes of the 7 unilateral amblyopes the mean threshold vernier offset was about half of that of a group of 7 experienced normal observers. No(More)
In normal observers preadaptation to a parallel grating increases the contrast threshold for a line whereas a perpendicular grating has no effect. Such orientation selectivity was not found in the amblyopic eye of two out of five squinters. Only a weak after-effect produced with a grating parallel to the line was obtained in the good eye of four of the(More)
The legibility of three selected sets of optotypes: (1) letters; (2) Snellen E; and (3) KOLT test have been compared to the Landolt ring in a study based on the German Standard DIN 58220, Part 2 and the International Standard ISO 8597. The letters were printed in the standard typeface used on German street signs (sans serif Linear-Antiqua, Typeface B). The(More)
In this paper we consider the complementary properties of image amplitude and phase components and their role in normal and amblyopic vision. Specific two-dimensional filtered images are included to demonstrate the possible perceptual distortions due to both amplitude and phase disturbances. Finally, the relationships between amplitude and phase filters are(More)
Strabismic amblyopes may exhibit in their squinting eye an almost normal contrast sensitivity to gratings although their optotype acuity is strongly impaired. This discrepancy cannot be accounted for by reduced selectivity of spatial-frequency channels or line-sensitivity functions. Alternative explanations for the loss of letter visual acuity as abnormal(More)