R. L. French

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TAR DNA-binding protein (TDP-43) is a highly conserved and essential DNA- and RNA-binding protein that controls gene expression through RNA processing, in particular, regulation of splicing. Intracellular aggregation of TDP-43 is a hallmark of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and ubiquitin-positive frontotemporal lobar degeneration. This TDP-43 pathology is(More)
The role of internal dynamics in enzyme function is highly debated. Specifically, how small changes in structure far away from the reaction site alter protein dynamics and overall enzyme mechanisms is of wide interest in protein engineering. Using RNase A as a model, we demonstrate that elimination of a single methyl group located >10 Å away from the(More)
One of the main limitations in using inverse methods for non-invasively imaging cardiac electrical activity in a clinical setting is the difficulty in readily obtaining high-quality data sets to reconstruct accurately a patient-specific geometric model of the heart and torso. This issue was addressed by investigation into the feasibility of using a(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to decipher the molecular genetic basis of disease in a cohort of children with a uniform clinical presentation of neonatal irritability, spastic or dystonic quadriplegia, virtually absent psychomotor development, axonal neuropathy, and elevated blood/CSF lactate. METHODS We performed whole-exome sequencing of blood DNA from the index(More)
Selenocysteine (Sec), the 21(st) amino acid, is synthesized from a serine precursor in a series of reactions that require selenocysteine tRNA (tRNA(Sec)). In archaea and eukaryotes, O-phosphoseryl-tRNA(Sec):selenocysteinyl-tRNA(Sec) synthase (SepSecS) catalyzes the terminal synthetic reaction during which the phosphoseryl intermediate is converted into the(More)
Selenocysteine synthase (SepSecS) catalyzes the terminal reaction of selenocysteine, and is vital for human selenoproteome integrity. Autosomal recessive inheritance of mutations in SepSecS-Ala239Thr, Thr325Ser, Tyr334Cys and Tyr429*-induced severe, early-onset, neurological disorders in distinct human populations. Although harboring different mutant(More)