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Fatty acids are ligands for the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR alpha). Fatty acid levels are increased in liver during the metabolism of ethanol and might be expected to activate PPAR alpha. However, ethanol inhibited PPAR alpha activation of a reporter gene in H4IIEC3 hepatoma cells expressing alcohol-metabolizing enzymes but not in(More)
Locomotor activity of ten squirrel monkeys, Saimiri sciureus, was evaluated by means of a photocell activity cage following intracranial application of dopamine (DA). A biphasic response consisting of an initial quiet period followed by increased locomotor activity was seen following intra-accumbens DA, 12.5--100 micrograms bilaterally. Both the length of(More)
We studied the effects of epinephrine or levonordefrin on the toxicity (convulsions) and lethality of four local anesthetics in mice. Appropriate doses of procaine, lidocaine, tetracaine or bupivacaine--either alone or in combination with 15 mcg/kg epinephrine or levonordefrin--were injected intravenously into the tail vein of male mice. Dose-response(More)
Ascorbic acid was examined for potentiative effects on the catalepsy induced by haloperidol in rats and squirrel monkeys. In both animal species pretreatment with ascorbic acid (1000 mg/kg) markedly potentiated catalepsy induced by haloperidol. It is suggested that vitamin binds to, and inactivates, some brain dopamine receptors and in so doing potentiates(More)
Release of 3H-d-alpha-methyl-m-tyramine (3H-MMTA), a false dopaminergic transmitter, from rat striatum was studied in vitro. After its initial uptake, 3H-MMTA was released by high K+ and by amphetamine. The release requirements were essentially the same as those known to exist for release of dopamine in vitro. These studies indicate that 3H-MMTA might serve(More)
Genes containing peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) binding sites are both inducible by peroxisome proliferators and expressed in a tissue-specific fashion. A PPAR-responsive reporter gene cotransfected with a PPARalpha expression vector was highly expressed in H4IIEC3 hepatoma cells. Addition of clofibrate resulted in a modest further(More)
Lidocaine HCl, injected 5 times weekly, produces pharmacological kindling in rats. The aims of the present study were to: 1) approximate the threshold dose for the effect in mice and 2) determine if injections given less frequently than 5 times weekly produces kindling. Mice were injected (IP) either 5 times weekly for 4 weeks or 2 times weekly for 10(More)