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Fatty acids are ligands for the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR alpha). Fatty acid levels are increased in liver during the metabolism of ethanol and might be expected to activate PPAR alpha. However, ethanol inhibited PPAR alpha activation of a reporter gene in H4IIEC3 hepatoma cells expressing alcohol-metabolizing enzymes but not in(More)
Ascorbic acid was examined for potentiative effects on the catalepsy induced by haloperidol in rats and squirrel monkeys. In both animal species pretreatment with ascorbic acid (1000 mg/kg) markedly potentiated catalepsy induced by haloperidol. It is suggested that vitamin binds to, and inactivates, some brain dopamine receptors and in so doing potentiates(More)
A simple method is described for screening monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors for preferential action on either type A or type B MAO. Kynuramine, a substrate for both types of MAO, was used and the sources of enzyme were rat heart (type A) and mouse heart (type B). The method clearly showed that clorgyline (a preferential type A inhibitor) preferentially(More)
Locomotor activity of ten squirrel monkeys, Saimiri sciureus, was evaluated by means of a photocell activity cage following intracranial application of dopamine (DA). A biphasic response consisting of an initial quiet period followed by increased locomotor activity was seen following intra-accumbens DA, 12.5--100 micrograms bilaterally. Both the length of(More)
Rats were given either the tyrosine hydroxylase inhibitor, alpha-methyltyrosine (alphaMT), in doses of 10 or 250 mg/kg or the neuroleptic, haloperidol (0.25 mg/kg). Other rats received both drugs (haloperidol 30 min after alphaMT). This dose of haloperidol alone caused only a slight, gradually developing catalepsy, while alphaMT alone caused none. The(More)