R L Chastain

Learn More
There is evidence that the psychological attribute of perceived self-efficacy plays a role in mediating health outcomes for persons with chronic arthritis who take the Arthritis Self-Management Course. An instrument to measure perceived self-efficacy was developed through consultation with patients and physicians and through study of 4 groups of patients.(More)
Evaluation of the Arthritis Self-Management Course revealed significant positive changes in the practice of behaviors that were taught and in health outcomes. However, utilizing a variety of statistical techniques, we were able to demonstrate only weak associations between changes in behavior and changes in health status. This suggests the need to examine(More)
One hundred subjects with arthritis were randomized into lay-taught, or professional-taught 12-h arthritis self-management courses, or a control group. Outcomes, knowledge, exercise, relaxation, disability, pain, and number of physician visits were measured aat baseline and 4 months. Professional-taught groups demonstrated greater knowledge gain while(More)
Although an association exists between illicit drug use and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in known high-risk populations such as prostitutes, gay men, and intravenous drug users, little is known with respect to middle-class, heterosexual populations thought to be at less risk. We examined findings related to illicit drug use among young adults with(More)
This study estimated intellectual functioning based upon a demographic profile (DP) for Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) Full Scale IQ in order to determine its relationship with variables representing initiation, continuation, relapse, and cessation of daily opioid use. The DP Estimated IQs were used to describe a large former opioid(More)
  • 1