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BACKGROUND Adolescent risk behaviours such as smoking, alcohol use and antisocial behaviour are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Patterns of risk behaviour may vary between genders during adolescence. METHODS Analysis of data from a longitudinal birth cohort to assess the prevalence and distribution of multiple risk behaviours by(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether a school obesity prevention project developed in the United States can be adapted for use in England. METHODS A pilot cluster randomised controlled trial and interviews with teachers were carried out in 19 primary schools in South West England. Participants included 679 children in year 5 (age 9-10). Baseline and follow-up(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effectiveness of a school based intervention to increase physical activity, reduce sedentary behaviour, and increase fruit and vegetable consumption in children. DESIGN Cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING 60 primary schools in the south west of England. PARTICIPANTS Primary school children who were in school year(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the effect of a US obesity prevention intervention on dietary outcomes in English 9-10 year old children in 2006. METHODS A pilot cluster randomised controlled trial in 19 schools with children aged 9 to 10 with lessons taught by teachers. Diet was assessed at baseline and 5 months later using questionnaires. Full intention-to-treat(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the effectiveness of parent involvement in school-based obesity prevention interventions. METHODS A qualitative study with parents of children aged 9-10 years was conducted to identify possible methods to involve them in a school-based obesity prevention intervention, followed by a process evaluation of homework and school(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of provider, gender and obesity class on outcomes of National Health Service (NHS) slimming on referral. METHODS Service evaluation in 12 UK general practices. Obese patients aged ≥16 were referred for 12 sessions to one of three commercial providers. Outcomes at 12 weeks were attendance, BMI,(More)
PROBLEM NHS patients requiring elective surgery usually have to wait before being treated and are usually told when a date becomes available. DESIGN 18 month pilot programme to enable day case patients to book date of hospital admission at time of decision to operate. BACKGROUND AND SETTING 24 pilot sites in England with relatively short waiting times(More)