Learn More
VAMP is a synaptic vesicle membrane protein required for fusion. Synaptic vesicle targeting was measured for mutants of an epitope-tagged form of VAMP in transfected PC12 cells. A signal within a predicted amphipathic alpha helix is essential for targeting to synaptic vesicles. Cellubrevin, a nonneural VAMP homolog, contains this signal and is also targeted(More)
Several types of cells store proteins in secretory vesicles from which they are released by an appropriate stimulus. It might be expected that the secretory vesicles in different cell types use similar molecular machinery. Here we describe a transmembrane glycoprotein (Mr approximately 100,000) that is present in secretory vesicles in all neurons and(More)
The GTPase dynamin has been clearly implicated in clathrin-mediated endocytosis of synaptic vesicle membranes at the presynaptic nerve terminal. Here we describe a novel 52-kDa protein in rat brain that binds the proline-rich C terminus of dynamin. Syndapin I (synaptic, dynamin-associated protein I) is highly enriched in brain where it exists in a high(More)
Presynaptic terminals contain several specialized compartments, which have been described by electron microscopy. We show in an identified Drosophila neuromuscular synapse that several of these compartments-synaptic vesicle clusters, presynaptic plasma membrane, presynaptic cytosol, and axonal cytoskeleton-labeled by specific reagents may be resolved from(More)
The discovery of overlapping hot spots of dynamin (Estes, P. S., Roos, J., van der Bliek, A., Kelly, R. B., Krishnan, K. S., and Ramaswami, M. (1996) J. Neurosci. 16, 5443-5456) and the heterotetrameric adaptor 2 complex (Gonzalez-Gaitan, M., and Jäckle, H. (1997) Cell 88, 767-776) in Drosophila nerve terminals led to the concept of zones of active(More)
Dap160/Intersectin is a multidomain adaptor protein that colocalizes with endocytic machinery in the periactive zone at the Drosophila NMJ. We have generated severe loss-of-function mutations that eliminate Dap160 protein from the NMJ. dap160 mutant synapses have decreased levels of essential endocytic proteins, including dynamin, endophilin, synaptojanin,(More)
We show that uptake and release of the styryl dye FM1-43 may be used to monitor synaptic vesicle exocytosis and recycling at Drosophila larval neuromuscular junctions. At Drosophila nerve terminals, FM1-43 specifically labels subsynaptic domains enriched in synaptotagmin, in a manner that requires Ca2+, membrane depolarization, and shibire (shi) function.(More)
Protein secretion from cells can take several forms. Secretion is constitutive if proteins are secreted as fast as they are synthesized. In regulated secretion newly synthesized proteins destined for secretion are stored at high concentration in secretory vesicles until the cell receives an appropriate stimulus. When both constitutive and regulated protein(More)
Syndapin I (SdpI) interacts with proteins involved in endocytosis and actin dynamics and was therefore proposed to be a molecular link between the machineries for synaptic vesicle recycling and cytoskeletal organization. We here report the identification and characterization of SdpII, a ubiquitously expressed isoform of the brain-specific SdpI. Certain(More)
The presence of unique proteins in synaptic vesicles of neurons suggests selective targeting during vesicle formation. Endocrine, but not other cells, also express synaptic vesicle membrane proteins and target them selectively to small intracellular vesicles. We show that the rat pheochromocytoma cell line, PC12, has a population of small vesicles with(More)