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OBJECTIVE Acute suppurative neck infections associated with third or fourth branchial arch fistulas are frequently recurrent. Third and fourth branchial arch anomalies are much less common than those of second arch and usually present with left thyroid lobe inflammation. The authors present their experience with 15 cases of pyriform sinus fistulae (PSF) of(More)
OBJECTIVE Abnormalities of the third branchial arch are less common than those of the second arch and usually present with left thyroid lobe inflammation. This paper describes 15 cases of pyriform sinus fistulae of third branchial arch origin usually presenting as recurrent thyroid abscess on the left side. METHOD A retrospective review of 15 cases of(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is the most common cause of childhood hearing impairment in the developing countries and atticoantral type is associated with increased incidence of intracranial and extracranial complications. This study was undertaken to define the microbiology of atticoantral type of chronic otitis media and the(More)
OBJECTIVE We report an extremely rare case of the simultaneous occurrence of a thyroglossal duct cyst and a lingual thyroid in the absence of an orthotopic thyroid gland, in a seven-year-old girl from South India. METHOD Case report and a review of the English language literature on the subject. RESULTS The patient presented with a mass on the tongue(More)
Supply chain management is concerned with the coordination of material and information flows in multi-stage production systems. Inventory management has long been treated as an isolated function solely focused on individual entities, taking into account concerned with single-vendor-single-buyer and single-vendor-multiple-buyer-models. Concerning the(More)
Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) is a collection of nodes that can be rapidly deployed as a multi-hop network without the aid of any centralized administration. Misbehavior is challenged by bandwidth and energy efficient medium access control and fair share of throughput. Node misbehavior plays an important role in MANET. In this survey, few of the contention(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the clinical presentation and management of fractured tracheostomy tube (FTT) presenting as tracheobronchial foreign body (FB) in children. METHODS A retrospective chart review of children with a diagnosis of FTT, FB in tracheobronchial tree was carried out. Data regarding the patients' demographic details, diagnosis, clinical(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess and compare the efficacy of diode laser stapedotomy (DLS) and conventional manual stapedotomy (CMS) in the treatment of otosclerosis. STUDY DESIGN Randomized clinical trial. SETTING Tertiary health center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We randomly assigned 60 patients with otosclerosis planned for primary stapedotomy to receive either DLS(More)
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