R. K. Shockley

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We describe here a Sprague-Dawley rat model for chronic osteomyelitis. Staphylococcus aureus and sodium morrhuate were implanted by either microdrilling or direct needle injection into the tibiae of rats. Of 107 rats, 87 (81%) developed osteomyelitis when a high-speed drill was used for implantation, and 27 (51%) of 53 rats developed osteomyelitis by direct(More)
Arachidonic acid was used as a facilitating agent in experimental rat Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis and compared with the more commonly used agent, sodium morrhuate. The injection of arachidonic acid or sodium morrhuate and S. aureus into rat tibiae caused increased quantitative bacterial bone counts, gross bone pathology, roentgenographic changes,(More)
A network of idiotypic and anti-idiotypic antibodies is often suggested as the basis for cellular interactions that maintain a steady-state immunological equilibrium. This hypothesis proposes that repeated exposure to certain external antigens--ie, both viral and sperm--stimulates an unregulated production of a uniquely potent immunomodulating idiotypic(More)
Ceftriaxone's toxic effects were assessed in albino rabbits after intravitreal injection. Doses up to 5 mg did not alter the B-wave amplitude. Following 7.5-and 20-mg doses, B-wave amplitude ratios were depressed at 24 hours and normal at seven and 14 days. A 50-mg dose caused a temporarily flat B-wave 24 hours after injection. At two weeks this ratio(More)
We delineated the dose- and time-dependent retinal toxicity of cefepime (BMY-28142), a new third generation cephalosporin, using electroretinography in pigmented rabbit eyes. Toxicity was evaluated following intravitreal doses ranging from 0.5 to 20mg/0.1ml (N = 18). Electroretinographic patterns at one and two weeks indicated a toxic response to 20 mg of(More)
We delineated the dose-and time-dependent retinal toxicity of intravitreal ceftazidime using electroretinography (ERG) in phakic rabbit eyes. Toxicity was evaluated following intravitreal doses ranging from 0.5 to 50 mg/0.1 ml. Eyes were examined prior to injection, at one day, and at seven days after injection. ERG patterns at one and seven days indicated(More)
Aqueous and vitreous kinetics were studied after anterior subconjunctival injection of 100 mg of ceftriaxone sodium in phakic and aphakic rabbit eyes. Mean peak ceftriaxone concentrations (microgram per milliliter +/- SE, n = 3 to 5 rabbits per determination) were as follows: phakic eyes, 159.5 +/- 42 at one hour in aqueous humor and 25.3 +/- 6.6 at two(More)
The ocular kinetics of ceftazidime, a third-generation cephalosporin, were examined in phakic and aphakic pigmented eyes of rabbits following subconjunctival injection (100 mg). Peak ceftazidime concentrations (mean +/- SE, n = three to five rabbits per determination) were as follows: phakic eyes, 40.2 +/- 7.3 mg/L in aqueous humor and 11.2 +/- 0.6 mg/L in(More)
We compared subconjunctivally administered ceftazidime and BMY 28142, two third-generation cephalosporins, to a regimen of gentamicin and cefazolin for their ability to prevent experimental Pseudomonas postoperative endophthalmitis in rabbits. After extracapsular lens extraction, an inoculum of Pseudomonas was injected into the vitreous; one of the three(More)
Since 2007, observations reveal that low- and middle-income countries (LICs and LMICs) experience similar surgical access and safety issues, though the etiology of these challenges varies by country. The collective voice of surveys completed to date has pushed the agenda for the inclusion of safe surgery and anesthesia within global health discussions.(More)