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BACKGROUND Open reduction and internal fixation is the treatment of choice for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures at many orthopaedic trauma centers. The purpose of this study was to determine whether open reduction and internal fixation of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures results in better general and disease-specific health(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of fractures is sometimes performed after normal daytime operating hours and in such instances may be performed under less than ideal conditions. The consequence of performing operations under such conditions is largely unknown and was therefore studied in the context of intramedullary nail fixation of tibial and femoral shaft(More)
Pelvic fractures with disruption of the important weight-bearing sacroiliac area can lead to impaired gait due to malunion or pelvic obliquity, back or buttock pain arising from the sacroiliac joint, and permanent neurologic damage. In eight patients with sacroiliac joint dislocation, an anterior retrofascial approach and stapling of the sacroiliac joint(More)
A quantitative systematic review of randomized and quasirandomized trials was conducted to determine the effect of surgical versus conservative treatment of acute Achilles tendon ruptures on rates of rerupture. Secondary outcomes included deep infection rates, return to normal function, and minor complaints. A search of computerized databases was conducted(More)
BACKGROUND Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures are devastating injuries and pose a therapeutic challenge. The purpose of this study was to determine whether open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) plus an injectable bioresorbable calcium phosphate paste (alpha-BSM [bone substitute material]) is superior to ORIF alone in the treatment of calcaneal(More)
Pelvic fractures, especially those of a Malgaigne type, frequently occur in patients who are polytraumatized. Sacroiliac disruption reflects a massive, disruptive energy force with concurrent soft tissue injury. Fixation through an anterior approach facilitates the accurate and stable fixation and avoids many soft tissue wound problems associated with open(More)
We measured femoral intramedullary pressures and applied axial thrust force generated in vitro during reaming with the AO and Zimmer systems. Six pairs of cadaver femora were instrumented with pressure taps midshaft and in the distal diaphysis, a load cell distally to measure force, and a displacement transducer to monitor reamer position. Following initial(More)
Twelve cases of posterior sternoclavicular dislocation were seen over 15 years at the Victoria General Hospital and the Izaak Walton Kiliam Hospital for Children in Halifax, NS. Two patients required open reduction of the dislocation but the rest were treated by closed reduction. One of the former group required threaded K wires for stability, but all other(More)
A review of recent advances in the treatment of intracapsular hip fractures in the elderly patient is offered to provide some guidelines on choosing the appropriate treatment for a given patient. Alternatives discussed include open reduction and internal fixation versus arthroplasty; unipolar versus bipolar hemiarthroplasty versus total hip arthroplasty;(More)
BACKGROUND Available options to fill fracture voids include autogenous bone, allograft bone, and synthetic bone materials. The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine whether the use of calcium phosphate bone cement improves clinical and radiographic outcomes and reduces fracture complications as compared with conventional treatment (with or(More)