R Kábová

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PURPOSE With intraperitoneal N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA; 15-200 mg/kg) administration, we attempted to develop an animal model of age-specific West syndrome to serve for testing of putative anticonvulsant drugs and to determine the mechanisms of this disorder. METHODS Experiments were performed in 12-, 18-, and 60-day-old (adult) rats. The effects of(More)
West syndrome is an age-specific epileptic syndrome with onset in infancy. It comprises infantile spasms (usually flexion convulsions), EEG pattern of hypsarrhythmia and mental retardation. Current therapy involves ACTH, corticosteroids, valproic acid, pyridoxine and vigabatrine. The treatment is difficult and more effective antiepileptic drugs are(More)
Epilepsy is characterized by recurrent seizures of various etiopathogenesis and history. Hyperexcitability and hypersynchronization of neurons are essential features for the development of epileptiform activity. About 80% of patients can achieve remission using adequate therapy. There is an important difference between the developing brain in children and(More)
We determined the effects of prenatal exposure to DNA synthesis inhibitor methotrexate (MTX) on: (a) the susceptibility to low Mg(2+)-induced epileptiform activity in deep layers (IV-V) of medial entorhinal cortex in vitro; and (b) neuronal counts in this area. Low Mg(2+)-induced discharges developed significantly later in slices from prenatally MTX-exposed(More)
Effects of prenatal exposure to methotrexate (MTX) administered in Sprague-Dawley (one 5 mg/kg dose of MTX on gestational day 15; E15) or Wistar (one 5 mg/kg dose of MTX on E14 or E15 or two such doses on E15) pregnant rat dams were studied in developing offspring. Young Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to rapid kindling on postnatal days (PN) 15 and 16,(More)
High doses of pyridoxine (vitamin B6) can be neurotoxic in adults. Effects of intraperitoneally administered B6 (100, 250 and 400 mg/kg) were studied in 7, 12, 18 and 60 day old rats. B6 elicited epileptiform EEG discharges without any motor correlate in all age groups. In contrast, motor seizures were rare, seen only in 18 day old rats (250 mg/kg of B6).(More)
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