R. John Raison

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Black carbon (BC) is ubiquitous in terrestrial environments and its unique physical and chemical properties suggest that it may play an important role in the global carbon budget (GCB). A critical issue is whether the global production of BC results in significant amounts of carbon (C) being removed from the short-term bio-atmospheric carbon cycle and(More)
Pools and annual fluxes of carbon (C) were estimated for a mature Eucalyptus pauciflora (snowgum) forest with and without phosphorus (P) fertilizer addition to determine the effect of soil P availability on allocation of C in the stand. Aboveground biomass was estimated from allometric equations relating stem and branch diameters of individual trees to(More)
Rates of N mineralization were measured in 27 forest soils encompassing a wide range of forest types and management treatments in south-east Australia. Undisturbed soil columns were incubated at 20°C for 68 days at near field-capacity water content, and N mineralization was measured in 5-cm depth increments to 30 cm. The soils represented three primary(More)
Rates of soil respiration (CO2 efflux) were measured for a year in a mature Eucalyptus pauciflora forest in unfertilized and phosphorus-fertilized plots. Soil CO2 efflux showed a distinct seasonal trend, and average daily rates ranged from 124 to 574 mg CO2 m−2 hr−1. Temperature and moisture are the main variables that cause variation in soil CO2 efflux;(More)
Laboratory studies indicate that percolation of water through accretions of plant ash will markedly increase the pH of solutions entering the underlying soil. Ash derived from graminaceous straws raised the pH of an aqueous suspension (1 g ash: 500 ml H2O) to 10.6, compared to 9.3 for a saturated solution of CaCO3. However, on a weight basis these ashes(More)
The effects of a range of fertilizer applications and of repeated low-intensity prescribed fires on microbial biomass C and N, and in situ N mineralization were studied in an acid soil under subalpine Eucalyptus pauciflora forest near Canberra, Australia. Fertilizer treatments (N, P, N+P, line + P, sucrose + P), and P in particular, tended to lower biomass(More)
The nitrogen mineralisation response to phosphorus was examined in the presence or absence of plants in three grassland soils. Responses to phosphorus of 95% and 33% were recorded in two of the soils, but only in the presence of plants. The mineralisation response was proportional to the plant growth response to phosphorus. re]19761001
Interest in biofuels is increasing in Australia due to volatile and rising oil prices, the need to reduce GHG emissions, and the recent introduction of a price on carbon. The seeds of Pongamia (Millettia pinnata) contain oils rich in C18:1 fatty acid, making it useful for the manufacture of biodiesel and other liquid fuels. Preliminary assessments of growth(More)
Changes in the carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) fractions of graminaceous straws were measured after their combustion under both laboratory and open-air conditions. Volatilization of C and N increased with increasing combustion, and losses exceeded 90% when combustion was nearly complete. The small proportion of total N already present in the inorganic form in(More)