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Let S : A → B and T : A → B be given non-self mappings, where A and B are non-empty subsets of a metric space. As S and T are non-self mappings, the equations Sx = x and T x = x do not necessarily have a common solution, called a common fixed point of the mappings S and T. Therefore, in such cases of non-existence of a common solution, it is attempted to(More)
This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is recognized as a currently incurable, inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by the accumulation of misfolded polyglutamine (polyQ) peptide aggregates in neuronal cells. Yet, the mechanism by which newly formed polyQ chains interact and assemble into toxic oligomeric structures remains a critical, unresolved issue. In order(More)
Nanotechnology has the power to transform neurosurgery by facilitating intervention at the cellular and subcellular level. The unique properties of nanomaterials will not only improve the management of conditions traditionally treated through neurosurgery, but also make neurosurgical intervention possible for diseases where there are currently limited(More)
OBJECTIVE We provide a contemporary account of the key pathologic events pertaining to autism: the theory of oxidative stress and inflammatory causes, ideas of immune dysfunction, the probable biomarkers that can be used for diagnostics, and the use of pharmaceuticals and stem cells as possible candidates for the treatment of autism spectrum disorders(More)
Vascularisation is often deemed the holy grail of tissue engineering because it is one of the key preconditions that determine the in vivo viability of tissue constructs. Given that a well-developed vascular network allows greater complexity in tissue design and helps regulate tissue metabolism, it appears that the overall outcome of engineered tissue(More)
The rapid ascent of nanotechnology and regenerative therapeutics as applied to medicine and surgery has seen an exponential rise in the scale of research generated in this field. This is evidenced not only by the sheer volume of papers dedicated to nanotechnology but also in a large number of new journals dedicated to nanotechnology and regenerative(More)
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