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Raising extracellular K+ concentration ([K+]o) induces an alkaline shift of intracellular pH (pHi) in astrocytes. The mechanism of this effect was examined using the fluorescent pHi indicator 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein in primary cultures of mouse cerebral astrocytes. Raising [K+]o from 3 to 12 mM increased pHi by 0.28 pH units in 26 mM(More)
Based upon previous evidence that glutamine formation in astrocytes is pH-sensitive and that raised extracellular K+ alkalinizes astrocytic cytoplasm, it was hypothesized that extracellular K+ might regulate glutamine formation. In this study, the free glutamine content of mouse cerebral astrocytes incubated with 0.1 mM glutamate and 0.1 mM ammonium(More)
The glucose transport properties of brush border membrane vesicles from the outer cortex (early proximal tubule) and outer medulla (late proximal tubule) of rabbit kidney were studied. In the outer cortical preparation the behavior of the sodium-dependent component of D-glucose flux indicated the presence of a low-affinity transport system with Km congruent(More)
Muscarinic stimulation of fluid secretion by mammalian salivary acinar cells is associated with a rise in the level of intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) and activation of a calcium-sensitive potassium (K+) conductance in the basolateral membrane. To test in the intact cell whether the rise of [Ca2+]i precedes activation of the K+ conductance (as expected(More)
The Na/K/Cl-dependent component of the binding of the loop diuretic bumetanide to basolateral membrane vesicles from the rabbit parotid is studied. A Scatchard analysis indicates that this binding is due to a single high-affinity site with KD = 3.2 +/- 0.3 microM (n = 9) at 100 mM sodium, 100 mM potassium and 5 mM chloride. When KCl-dependent 22Na transport(More)
Monoclonal antibodies directed against antigens in the apical plasma membrane of the toad kidney epithelial cell line A6 were produced to probe the phenomena that underlie the genesis and maintenance of epithelial polarity. Two of these antibodies, 17D7 and 18C3, were selected for detailed study here. 17D7 is directed against a 23-kD peptide found on both(More)
We demonstrate that the application of the muscarinic agonist carbachol to the human salivary epithelial cell line HSG elicits the now well-known phenomenon of 'quantal' Ca2+ release; namely, that the application of a submaximal concentration of agonist results in the release of only a portion of the agonist-sensitive intracellular Ca2+ pool. One(More)
In goldfish the two native forms of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), salmon GnRH (sGnRH) and chicken GnRH-II (cGnRH-II), stimulate both gonadotropin-II (GTH-II) and growth hormone (GH) release. Modifications of GnRH structure at positions 1, 2, 3, and 6 often result in an antagonist in goldfish, an observation well documented in mammalian studies. In(More)