R J Strobel

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In obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), abnormal pharyngeal collapsibility may be offset by increased mechanoreflex-mediated activity of dilator muscles while awake, but this reflex is inhibited during sleep and during application of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Direct activation of upper airway (UA) motor neurons in the hypoglossal nucleus(More)
Although respiratory-related cortical evoked potentials (CEPs) have been obtained in humans, early-latency responses have been obtained only with direct electrical stimulation of respiratory afferents. We have recorded both early and late cortical activity in response to a relatively novel stimulus consisting of a 300-ms negative pressure pulse applied to(More)
Resting muscle length affects both maximum force production and force maintenance. The strength and force maintenance characteristics of the genioglossus as a function of resting muscle length have not been described. We hypothesized that genioglossus optimum length (L(o)) could be defined in vivo and that the ability of the genioglossus to sustain a given(More)
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