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Type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is an autoimmune disease of the insulin-producing pancreatic beta-cells which is determined by both genetic and environmental factors. The major histocompatibility complex and the insulin gene region (INS) on human chromosomes 6p and 11p, respectively, contain susceptibility genes. Using a mostly French(More)
The folate-sensitive fragile site FRAXE is located in proximal Xq28 of the human X chromosome and lies approximately 600 kb distal to the fragile X syndrome (FRAXA) fragile site at Xq27.3. The cytogenetic expression of FRAXE is thought to be associated with mental handicap, but this is usually mild compared to that of the more common fragile X syndrome that(More)
We report the identification of a partial duplication of GABRA5 , a gene within the imprinted 15q11-q13 region. The duplicated locus maps to the pericentromeric region of 15q, proximal to the large deletions associated with Angelman and Prader-Willi syndromes. We also observed variation in the number of copies of this locus in different individuals,(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and Angelman syndrome (AS) are developmental disorders resulting from the absence of the paternal or maternal contribution to the 15q11-13 region, respectively. Allele-specific methylation at D15S63 (PW71) has routinely been used as a diagnostic indicator of PWS and AS in DNA samples derived from peripheral blood. Extensive(More)
Three fragile sites, FRAXA, FRAXE and FRAXF lie in the Xq27-28 region of the human X chromosome. The expression of FRAXA is associated with the fragile X syndrome, the most prevalent form of inherited mental retardation whilst the expression of FRAXE is associated with a rarer and comparatively milder form of mental handicap. Both the FRAXA and FRAXE sites(More)
Most of the rare folate sensitive fragile sites cloned to date arise from expansion of a CGG:CCG trinucleotide repeat array. Analysis of the CAG repeat at the Huntington Disease (HD) locus showed a positively skewed repeat distribution leading to the proposal that microsatellites are subject to a mutational bias toward expansion. Such a mutational bias(More)
The toxic effects of the ubiquitous pollutant 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) on the earthworm Eisenia fetida were assessed by determining growth-inhibition and gene transcript levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione transferase (GST), and transcriptional changes of the stress-response gene (heat-shock protein 70(More)
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