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Glial cells have diverse functions that are necessary for the proper development and function of complex nervous systems. Various insects, primarily the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster and the moth Manduca sexta, have provided useful models of glial function during development. The present review will outline evidence of glial contributions to embryonic,(More)
Glial cells have diverse functions that are necessary for the proper development and function of complex nervous systems. During development, a variety of reciprocal signaling interactions between glia and neurons dictate all parts of nervous system development. Glia may provide attractive, repulsive, or contact-mediated cues to steer neuronal growth cones(More)
Guideline for the ventilatory management of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure in adults. Healthcare providers need to use clinical judgement, knowledge and expertise when deciding whether it is appropriate to apply recommendations for the management of patients. The recommendations cited are a guide and may not be appropriate for use in all situations.(More)
[1] We report new short‐wave infrared (SWIR) column retrievals of atmospheric methane (X CH4) from the Japanese Greenhouse Gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) and compare observed spatial and temporal variations with correla-tive ground‐based measurements from the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) and with the global 3‐D GEOS‐Chem chemistry(More)
BACKGROUND Honey bees are complex eusocial insects that provide a critical contribution to human agricultural food production. Their natural migration has selected for traits that increase fitness within geographical areas, but in parallel their domestication has selected for traits that enhance productivity and survival under local conditions. Elucidating(More)
We have extended our studies on the relationship between cisplatin/carboplatin-induced DNA damage in readily accessible tissue(s) and clinical response to therapy. Such an approach may assist in the study of cancer drug resistance and in establishing parameters for assessing human populations for sensitivity to DNA damaging agents in the environment.(More)
BACKGROUND Honey bees are a mainstay of agriculture, contributing billions of dollars through their pollination activities. Bees have been a model system for sociality and group behavior for decades but only recently have molecular techniques been brought to study this fascinating and valuable organism. With the release of the first draft of its genome in(More)
The Western honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) is a critical component of human agriculture through its pollination activities. For years, beekeepers have controlled deadly pathogens such as Paenibacillus larvae, Nosema spp. and Varroa destructor with antibiotics and pesticides but widespread chemical resistance is appearing and most beekeepers would prefer to(More)
The treatment of melanoma by targeted inhibition of the mutated kinase BRAF with small molecules only temporarily suppresses metastatic disease. In the face of chemical inhibition tumor plasticity, both innate and adaptive, promotes survival through the biochemical and genetic reconfiguration of cellular pathways that can engage proliferative and migratory(More)
The relative conspicuities of six test garments (fluorescent orange, green/red, high-contrast, fluorescent lime-yellow, white, black) were assessed to guide the selection process of a standard upper body safety garment to be used within the New Zealand logging industry. Six male and four female participants, aged between 18 and 26 years, volunteered to(More)