R J Nijveldt

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The aim of this review, a summary of the putative biological actions of flavonoids, was to obtain a further understanding of the reported beneficial health effects of these substances. Flavonoids occur naturally in fruit, vegetables, and beverages such as tea and wine. Research in the field of flavonoids has increased since the discovery of the French(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthase enzymes, whereas symmetrical dimethylarginine (SDMA) competes with arginine transport. Although both dimethylarginines may be important regulators of the arginine-NO pathway, their metabolism is largely unknown. Both dimethylarginines are(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Accumulation of asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) has been linked to endothelial dysfunction, and is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Its elimination from the body is dependent on urinary excretion and degradation by the enzyme dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase. This enzyme is highly expressed in the liver,(More)
Glutamine should be reclassified as a conditionally essential amino acid in the catabolic state because the body's glutamine expenditures exceed synthesis and low glutamine levels in plasma are associated with poor clinical outcome. After severe stress, several amino acids are mobilized from muscle tissue to supply energy and substrate to the host.(More)
Development of multiple organ failure is the most complex problem in critically ill patients, and is associated with a high mortality. Asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenously produced inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, of which the clinical importance is currently being revealed. In Nijveldt et al. (The liver is an important organ in the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The remnant liver after partial hepatectomy releases arginase into the plasma, which is a reliable indicator of hepatocellular damage. Little information is available on how this release affects arginine plasma levels. We hypothesized that Kupffer cells after partial hepatectomy may prevent further hepatocellular damage, contributing to(More)
Twenty critically-ill surgical patients who needed total parenteral nutrition were randomly enrolled in a double-blind study comparing two intravenous fat emulsions: one containing a mixture of 50% medium-chain triglycerides and 50% long-chain triglycerides and another containing 100% longchain triglycerides. The purpose of this study was to investigate(More)
Recent studies have shown that fasting during the preoperative period for elective surgery induces a metabolic state that seems unfavorable for patients. Results from animal studies indicate that rapid depletion of liver glycogen before surgery leads to mobilization of muscle glycogen after surgery, in turn leading to reduced muscle strength. Depletion of(More)
This prospective study investigated the role of reduced hepatic synthesis of regulating proteins in coagulopathy after partial hepatectomy (PH) compared with major abdominal surgery (MAS) without involvement of the liver. Furthermore, we studied the effect of rBPI21, an endotoxin-neutralizing agent, on coagulopathy after PH was studied. Compared with MAS,(More)
Arginine stimulates lymphocyte function and is degraded by arginase, an enzyme that is abundantly present in red blood cells. Arginase impairs lymphocyte function and responses in vitro. Leakage of arginase from stored red blood cells may be involved in the lymphocyte dysfunction associated in allogenic blood transfusion. In the present study, arginase(More)