R J Millischer

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The acute and subchronic toxicity of 1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane (HCFC-141b), a CFC alternative, was evaluated in several acute and subchronic studies to assist in establishing proper handling guides. Data from acute toxicity studies in rats and rabbits demonstrated that HCFC-141b has very low acute toxicity. HCFC-141b was not a skin irritant, but was a(More)
HCFC-141b is one of the chemicals being considered as a replacement for CFC 11 in solvent and foam-blowing applications. Teratology studies were conducted in both rats and rabbits and a two-generation reproduction inhalation toxicity study was conducted in rats. The pregnant rabbits were exposed to levels of 0 (control), 1400, 4200 and 12,600 ppm HCFC-141b(More)
The toxicity potential of 1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a), a CFC alternative, was evaluated in several acute, subchronic, and developmental toxicity studies by the inhalation route and in genotoxicity studies. HFC-143a has a very low acute inhalation toxicity potential as shown by a 4-hr LC50 of > 540,000 ppm in rats. HFC-143A has a low potential to induce(More)
This review provides a scientific view on how to evaluate effectively the neurotoxic potential of chemicals in order to provide adequate safeguards for human health. Detection of compounds that may cause direct, persistent, adverse effects on the nervous system should be given the most critical attention. Evaluation of the neurotoxic potential of a chemical(More)
2-Methylamino-4-N-methylpiperazino-5-methylthio-6-chloropyrimidine hydrochloride (O 6553) is a new molecule showing an original pharmacological profile in the laboratory tests. It possesses at the same time potent gastro-intestinal prokinetic and central antiemetic properties, demonstrated on the one hand by the gastro-duodenal transit of barium meal in(More)
A battery of in vitro and in vivo tests were conducted on HCFC-141b as a vapour. Bacterial gene mutation assays with Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium were negative in all tester strains. In vitro chromosomal aberration assays were positive on CHO cells but negative on human lymphocytes. Moreover, HCFC-141b was negative in vivo in a mouse(More)
Various regulations have been established in order to allow an assessment of the mutagenic hazard of chemicals. The required procedures in member countries of the European Community, in the U.S.A. and in Japan are reviewed. Their purpose is the classification and labelling of the products as well as their commercial preparations. In the Community, mutagens(More)