R J Macías-González

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Ketamine (KET)-induced blockade of cortical spreading depression (CSD) was examined in rats (n = 51) anesthetized with pentobarbital (50 mg/kg). CSD was elicited by intracortical injection of 1 microliter of 0.15 mol/l potassium acetate 10-40 min after i.p. injection of 6-50 mg/kg KET. KET was almost ineffective at 6 mg/kg but prevented CSD propagation at(More)
The assumption that blockade of long-term potentiation by N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonists interferes with spatial memory was supported by experiments showing that 15 mg/kg ketamine impairs acquisition of navigation to a hidden platform but not to a visible platform. Higher doses were required to impair retrieval of overtrained place navigation. In a(More)
Cortical spreading depression (SD) was used to assess the density and organization of neural elements in neocortical transplants and their connectivity with the host brain. Embryonal neocortex (E14) was transplanted into cavities in the frontoparietal cortex of 3-month-old rats. SD elicited in the cortex of anesthetized host rats (n = 12) 3 to 8 months(More)
INTRODUCTION The main strategy followed in neural transplants as a method of treatment for Parkinson s disease, both experimental and clinical, has been to introduce foetal mesencephalic cells into the target area: the striatum. However, when the dopaminergic cells in the substantia nigra degenerate, not only is the dopaminergic innervation of the striatum(More)
INTRODUCTION Several studies that has focused to the dopaminergic transmission in the basal ganglia in parkinsonian condition, but only a few article has taking into account the imbalance between dopaminergic and cholinergic transmission. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the muscarinic cholinergic receptors density in SNc and PPN in the 6-OHDA model. MATERIALS AND(More)
INTRODUCTION A good deal of evidence currently exists to show that transplanting foetal mesencephalic tissue can produce symptomatic benefits both in patients and in disease models. Nevertheless, the technical and ethical difficulties involved in obtaining enough suitable foetal cerebral tissue have been a serious obstacle to its application. Stromal cells(More)
AIM The effectiveness of anatomic localization of the subthalamic nucleus (EAL) was assessed and the mapping method is described here. The symmetry of contralateral nuclei (SCN) was analyzed on 11 parkinsonian patients submitted to bilateral subthalamotomy with ablative lesioning. PATIENTS AND METHODS To assess EAL the percentage so much of first(More)
INTRODUCTION A series of quantitative scales have been established internationally to evaluate the functional state of patients affected by movement disorders, such as Parkinson s disease. The values of these parameters offered by each patient, measured at different moments during his or her illness, allow us to conduct studies into their evolution as well(More)
INTRODUCTION In order to use short latency somatosensory thalamic evoked potentials (PES) to locate therapeutic targets in functional surgery, thalamic PES were recorded during stereotactic thalamotomy in 25 patients with Parkinson's disease, using a concentric bipolar semi-micro-electrode, 4 mm in diameter. In the 72 trajectories planned. 628 registers(More)
INTRODUCTION The introduction of motor evoked potentials (MEP) into neurological practice has been very useful in the study of motor disorders, especially in patients with motor neurone diseases (MND) and multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty patients with MS, twenty with MND and sixty-four apparently normal control were studied, to evaluate(More)
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