R. J. Kavanagh

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Fractions of methylated naphthenic acids (NAs) isolated from oil sands process-affected waterwere collected utilizing Kugelrohr distillation and analyzed by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy. 1H NMR analysis revealed that the ratio of methyl ester hydrogen atoms to remaining aliphatic hydrogen atoms increased from 0.130 to 0.214, from(More)
Large volumes of oil sands process-affected waters (OSPW) are produced during the extraction of bitumen from oil sand. There are approximately 10(9) m(3) of OSPW currently being stored in settling basins on oil sands mining sites in Northern Alberta. Developers plan to create artificial lakes with OSPW and it is expected that this water may eventually enter(More)
High prevalences of gonadal intersex have been observed in wild fish populations in areas affected by domestic and industrial effluents. For this study, fish were collected in 1998 from the Cootes Paradise region of Hamilton Harbour in western Lake Ontario, Canada, to determine whether gonadal abnormalities, including intersex, were present in young of the(More)
The Athabasca oil sands of Alberta, Canada contain an estimated 174 billion barrels of bitumen. During oil sands refining processes, an extraction tailings mixture is produced that has been reported as toxic to aquatic organisms and is therefore collected in settling ponds on site. Investigation into the toxicity of these tailings pond waters has identified(More)
Recent expansion within the oil sands industry of the Athabasca Basin of Alberta, Canada has led to increased concern regarding process-affected wastewaters produced during bitumen extraction. Naphthenic acids (NAs) have been identified as the primary toxic constituents of oil sands process-affected waters (OSPW) and studies have shown that with time,(More)
Large volumes of fluid tailings are generated during the extraction of bitumen from oil sands. As part of their reclamation plan, oil sands operators in Alberta propose to transfer these fluid tailings to end pit lakes and, over time, these are expected to develop lake habitats with productive capabilities comparable to natural lakes in the region. This(More)
Naphthenic acids (NA) are a complex mixture of carboxylic acids that are natural constituents of oil sand found in north-eastern Alberta, Canada. NA are released and concentrated in the alkaline water used in the extraction of bitumen from oil sand sediment. NA have been identified as the principal toxic components of oil sands process-affected water(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) impairs the reproduction of fish and that naphthenic acids (NAs), a natural constituent of oil sands, are suspected of being responsible. This study evaluates the potential impact of NAs on the reproduction of adult fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) under laboratory(More)
Previous laboratory based studies have shown that oil sands process-affected waters (OSPWs) containing high concentrations of naphthenic acids (>25 mg/l) have adverse effects on the reproductive physiology of fish. The purpose of this study was to assess the reproductive development and health of a wild population of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas)(More)
BACKGROUND Recent guidelines from the UK National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommend the use of ultrasound guidance for central venous catheter (CVC) insertion in children. We conducted a survey of pediatric anesthetists to determine current practice and opinion on the appropriate use of ultrasound guidance. METHOD A confidential postal(More)