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We estimate an effective mutation rate at an average Y chromosome short-tandem repeat locus as 6.9x10-4 per 25 years, with a standard deviation across loci of 5.7x10-4, using data on microsatellite variation within Y chromosome haplogroups defined by unique-event polymorphisms in populations with documented short-term histories, as well as comparative data(More)
The phylogenetic relationships of numerous branches within the core Y-chromosome haplogroup R-M207 support a West Asian origin of haplogroup R1b, its initial differentiation there followed by a rapid spread of one of its sub-clades carrying the M269 mutation to Europe. Here, we present phylogeographically resolved data for 2043 M269-derived Y-chromosomes(More)
Deciphering the complex series of regulatory events that occur during early development depends partly on the ability to accurately quantify stage-specific mRNA species. However, the paucity of biological material coupled with the lack of sensitivity and/or reproducibility of the currently available quantitative methods had been severe limitations on single(More)
The Alu family of interspersed repeats is comprised of over 500,000 members which may be divided into discrete subfamilies based upon mutations held in common between members. Distinct subfamilies of Alu sequences have amplified within the human genome in recent evolutionary history. Several individual Alu family members have amplified so recently in human(More)
Lebanon is an eastern Mediterranean country inhabited by approximately four million people with a wide variety of ethnicities and religions, including Muslim, Christian, and Druze. In the present study, 926 Lebanese men were typed with Y-chromosomal SNP and STR markers, and unusually, male genetic variation within Lebanon was found to be more strongly(More)
We have investigated the distribution of several recently inserted Alu family members within representatives of diverse human groups. Human population studies using 65 unrelated human DNA samples, as well as a familial study to test inheritance, showed that individual Alu family members could be divided into three groups. The first group consisted of(More)
The FK506-binding proteins (FKBPs) are a unique group of chaperones found in a wide variety of organisms. They perform a number of cellular functions including protein folding, regulation of cytokines, transport of steroid receptor complexes, nucleic acid binding, histone assembly, and modulation of apoptosis. These functions are mediated by specific(More)
Transposable and interspersed repetitive elements (TIREs) are ubiquitous features of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes. However, controversy has arisen as to whether these sequences represent useless 'selfish' DNA elements, with no cellular function, as opposed to useful genetic units. In this review, we selected two insect species, the Dipteran(More)
Previous studies have revealed that the European Roma share close genetic, linguistic and cultural similarities with Indian populations despite their disparate geographical locations and divergent demographic histories. In this study, we report for the first time Y-chromosome distributions in three Roma collections residing in Belgrade, Vojvodina and(More)