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We studied four electrophysiological variables (bispectral index (BIS), 95% spectral edge frequency (SEF), median frequency (MF) and auditory evoked potential index (AEP index) in 10 patients during emergence from anaesthesia. We compared correlation of the signals with gradually decreasing calculated blood propofol concentrations, and evaluated the signal(More)
We have studied the antibacterial activity of different concentrations of 0.005-2% lidocaine (lignocaine) in mixtures with Diprivan (propofol), against micro-organisms commonly implicated in sepsis as a result of extrinsically contaminated Diprivan. Bacterial colony counts were reduced progressively with increasing concentrations of lidocaine.(More)
We have compared the auditory evoked potential (AEP) index (a numerical index derived from the AEP), 95% spectral edge frequency (SEF), median frequency (MF) and the bispectral index (BIS) during alternating periods of consciousness and unconsciousness produced by target-controlled infusions of propofol. We studied 12 patients undergoing hip or knee(More)
We have studied 46 patients to compare the efficacy of the auditory evoked potential (AEP) index, bispectral index (BIS), 95% spectral edge frequency (SEF) and median frequency (MF) in predicting movement in response to insertion of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA). Anaesthesia was induced with target-controlled infusions of propofol and alfentanil. After(More)
UNLABELLED The bispectral index (BIS) of the electroencephalogram and middle latency auditory evoked potentials are likely candidates to measure the level of unconsciousness and, thus, may improve the early recovery profile. We prospectively investigated the predictive performance of both measures to distinguish between the conscious and unconscious state.(More)
We studied the effects of hypothermia and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on four depth of anaesthesia monitors; spectral edge frequency (SEF), median frequency (MF), bispectral index (BIS) and auditory evoked potential index (AEPIndex) in 12 patients during uneventful cardiac anaesthesia. Each variable was recorded simultaneously at 10 periods during(More)
We have compared the auditory evoked potential index (AEPIndex) and bispectral index (BIS) for monitoring depth of anaesthesia in spontaneously breathing surgical patients. Twenty patients (aged 17-49 yr) undergoing day surgery were anaesthetized with computer-controlled infusions of propofol. The mean (SD and range) of each measurement was determined(More)
The purpose of the study was to compare the antibacterial activity of bupivacaine with levobupivacaine against a range of bacteria implicated in epidural infection to determine whether any differences existed between the two drugs. Concentrations of 0.125%, 0.25% and 0.5% bupivacaine and levobupivacaine were inoculated with suspensions of either(More)
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