Recognition memory for faces is hampered much more by inverted presentation than is memory for any other material so far examined. The present study demonstrates that faces are not unique with regard to this vulnerability to inversion. The experiments also attempt to isolate the source of the inversion effect. In one experiment, use of stimuli (landscapes)… (More)
Unlike older children and adults, children of less than about 10 years of age remember photographs of faces presented upside down almost as well as those shown upright and are easily fooled by simple disguises. The development at age 10 of the ability to encode orientation-specific configurational aspects of a face may reflect completion of certain… (More)
Two principal arguments against a consolidation-block formulation of anterograde amnesia are the existence of pnor-list intrusion errors and the facilitating effect of cued recall Both of these findings can be explained if one assumes an additional process trace activation of already existing memories. This consolidation-block plus trace-activation view… (More)
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Visually naïve kittens turn their eyes toward visual targets but lack other visual-motor coordinations. Light-reared animals were able to mediate guided behaviors with an immobilized eye, but animals with the eye immobilized before initial exposure to a lighted environment were not. Eye movement is implied to play an essential role in visual-motor… (More)
Practical strategies for increasing schizophrenic outpatients' compliance with medication are outlined in detail. The strategies are based on the assumptions that (1) interventions which encourage patients to take control of their lives are good in both a moral and clinical sense, (2) schizophrenics, like all people, want to feel as good as possible, (3)… (More)