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Group cognitive therapy (CT), focused expressive psychotherapy (FEP; a form of group experiential psychotherapy), and supportive, self-directed therapy (S/SD) were compared among 63 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Variation among patients' coping styles (externalization) and defensiveness (resistance potential) was used in a prospective test(More)
The relationship among therapeutically induced affective arousal, depressive symptoms, pain and beta-endorphin levels were explored on 6 patients with chronic, active rheumatoid arthritis. An ABA, n of 1 study methodology was utilized, replicated 5 times. This procedure allowed the analysis of individualized changes across time in response to the(More)
Focused Expressive Psychotherapy is a Gestalt-based method of psychotherapy which is designed to facilitate the resolution of constricted emotion in patients. This form of therapy is described as a five-step process. The present article addresses the steps of that process which relate specifically to the intensification and resolution of emotions. The(More)
Exploration of the relative roles of family dynamics and release of constrained, negative emotion in changing pain and depressive symptoms. Eighteen patients presenting mild to moderate depression and diagnoses of psychogenic pain disorder were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups. One group was designed to facilitate the release of constrained and(More)
Emotional arousal is a key concept in most theories of change. To be able to understand the role of emotional expression better, two treatments, cognitive therapy (CT) and focused expressive psychotherapy (FEP; a manualized form of Gestalt therapy), with opposite process assumptions about the expression of emotions were compared. Additionally vicarious(More)
Six adult females with active rheumatoid arthritis were treated with a 10-session course of focused Gestalt Psychotherapy with the intent of assessing the relationship between key psychotherapy processes and both session and final outcome. Results suggested that high levels of patient participation were related to reduced patient distress, while high(More)
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