R. J. Coelen

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Over 65 arboviruses have been reported from countries in the Australasian zoogeographic region, but only a few have been implicated in human disease. These include the flaviviruses Murray Valley encephalitis (MVE), Kunjin (KUN), Kokobera (KOK), and dengue, particularly types 1 and 2; the alphaviruses Ross River (RR), Barmah Forest (BF), and Sindbis (SIN);(More)
The molecular epidemiology and evolution of Sindbis (SIN) virus in Australia was examined. Several SIN virus strains isolated from other countries were also included in the analysis. Two regions of the virus genome were sequenced including a 418 bp region of the E2 gene and a 484 bp region containing part of the junction region and the 5' end of the C gene.(More)
We examined the molecular epidemiology and evolution of Ross River (RR) virus in Australia and the Pacific Islands. Nucleotide sequences of the E2 and E3 genes of five RR virus strains revealed remarkable conservation between 1959 and 1989 with a maximum divergence of only 3.3%. Sequence data from a 505-base pair fragment of the E2 gene from 51 additional(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the RNA genome of Jembrana disease virus (JDV), a lentivirus that causes an acute disease syndrome in Bali cattle (Bos javanicus), is reported. In addition to the gag, pol and env genes and flanking long terminal repeats (LTRs) that characterize all retroviruses, a number of accessory genes represented by small multiply(More)
A sensitive, single tube reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) protocol for the detection of Ross River virus (RRV) is described. All components necessary for both reverse transcription and PCR were combined in a single tube, and reverse transcription and PCR carried out sequentially in a single, non-interrupted thermal cycling program.(More)
Mycoplasma bovis is responsible for several production diseases in cattle, including mastitis, arthritis, pneumonia, abortion and infertility. Current methodologies for detecting and identifying M. bovis are time consuming and difficult. Tests which rely on antigen or antibody detection have poor sensitivity and specificity. In this paper associated(More)
A highly sensitive and specific PCR (MB-PCR) was used in preliminary studies to detect M. bovis in milk samples to investigate its association with high somatic cell count (SCC), an indicator of subclinical mastitis and one of the factors in down grading the quality of milk. A total of 186 and 167 herds were tested with 43% and 62% of herds positive for M.(More)
Murray Valley encephalitis (MVE) virus strain OR2 was serially passaged on Vero cells to establish a persistent infection which was maintained for over 300 days. Supernatants from infected cells protected Vero cells from c.p.e. and caused up to a 95% reduction of wild-type virus yield. These protective and interfering effects suggest that defective(More)
The RNase T1 maps of 80 isolates of Ross River virus from different regions of mainland Australia and the Pacific Islands were compared. Four different clusters of isolates with greater than an estimated 5 to 6% diversity at the nucleotide level were found. There was a pattern of differences between eastern and western Australian strains; however, the(More)
A novel approach was used to select the most suitable antiviral monoclonal antibody (mAb) and elution conditions for immunoaffinity purification of the NS1 protein of Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVE). Crude NS1 protein was subjected to a variety of chemical conditions produced by common elution buffers, and tested with a panel of NS1-specific mAbs by(More)