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Tissue factor (TF) pathway inhibitor (TFPI) regulates factor X activation through the sequential inhibition of factor Xa and the VIIa.TF complex. Factor Xa formation was studied in a purified, reconstituted system, at plasma concentrations of factor X and TFPI, saturating concentrations of factor VIIa, and increasing concentrations of TF reconstituted into(More)
Human granulocytic elastases have been purified by a two-step procedure involving affinity chromatography of crude extracts of leukocytic granules on Sepharose-Trasylol, followed by ion-exchange chromatography on CM-cellulose to resolve the isoelastases. All of these enzymes were found to be glycoproteins with the carbohydrate content of the major form(More)
The interaction of human plasma alpha-1-antichymotrypsin with serine proteinases from different tissues has been investigated. The protein was found to form stable complexes with pancreatic chymotrypsin, leukocyte cathepsin G, and mast cell chymotrypsin. No inhibition of pancreatic trypsin or leukocyte elastase could be demonstrated. With mixtures(More)
The heats of reaction of trypsin with soybean (Kunitz), ovomucoid, and lima bean inhibitors have been measured at pH 5.0 and 10’ and 25”. All the reactions were endothermic, with AH ranging from 8.6 Cal per mole for the lima bean inhibitor to 15.3 Cal per mole for the soybean inhibitor. Equilibrium constants for the association were calculated from the(More)
Two of the major enzymes present in an released from neutrophil granulocytes are the endoproteinases elastase and cathepsin G. While the former is believed to be one of the major causative agents responsible for tissue destruction in emphysema and rheumatoid arthritis, little is known about the function of cathepsin G. We have recently developed simple(More)
With more than two million handicapped children being "mainstreamed" into the regular classroom, teachers are confronted for the first time with assisting visual- and hearing-impaired children. Sensory-impaired children usually will demonstrate a deficiency in psychosocial-sexual adjustment, and teachers may doubt their ability to help in this area. These(More)
A procedure is described which permits the rapid isolation of large amounts of elastase and cathepsin G from purulent sputum. This procedure involves: (1) digestion of sputum with DNase, (2) extraction of the insoluble residue that remains with 1 M NaCl, pH 8, (3) affinity chromatography on Sepharose-bound Trasylol, and (4) separation of the two enzymes by(More)
The activation of factor X by the extrinsic coagulation system results from the action of an enzyme complex composed of factor VIIa bound to tissue factor on phospholipid membranes in the presence of calcium ions (extrinsic Xase complex). Proteolysis at the Arg52-Ile53 peptide bond in the heavy chain of factor X leads to the formation of the serine(More)