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Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a powerful stimulant of food intake and is proposed to activate a hypothalamic 'feeding' receptor distinct from previously cloned Y-type receptors. This receptor was first suggested to explain a feeding response to NPY and related peptides, including NPY2-36, that differed from their activities at the Y1 receptor. Here we report the(More)
Large unilamellar vesicles (LUV) composed of phosphatidylserine are capable of encapsulating poliovirus ribonucleic acid (RNA) and delivering it efficiently to cells in an infectious form. The biological activity of vesicle-entrapped poliovirus RNA was 1-2 x 10(4) plaque forming units/nanogram (pfu/ng) and appeared to be enhanced by ribonuclease treatment(More)
The ability of p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA), an inhibitor of serotonin (5HT) biosynthesis to antagonize the antinociceptive effects of three classes of analgesics: opiates agonist (morphine), opiate agonist-antagonist (pentazocine) and non-steroid anti-inflammatory (aspirin and clonixin) were evaluated using the rat yeast paw test. The analgesic effect of(More)
Some narcotic drugs have been reported to produce increases in muscle tone in rats. In our laboratory we have found that etonitazine produces a 'lead-pipe' rigidity of the trunk and limb musculature. The reported studies were conducted to characterize etonitazine-induced rigidity more fully, to compare the degree of rigidity with that produced by morphine,(More)
We have selected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells resistant to infection by encephalomycarditis (EMC) virus. Thus far, we have obtained five lines resistant to EMC, all of which manifest different phenotypes. Three of the five are not persistently infected with virus, while two lines produce infectious virus and grow in its presence. The nonpersistently(More)
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