R. I. Freshney

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Alkaline phosphatase, a marker of differentiation in the human alveolar adenocarcinoma cell line A549, is inducible by conditioned medium from lung fibroblasts and by cytokines including oncostatin M and interleukin 6, but only in the presence of a glucocorticoid, dexamethasone. Dexamethasone was shown to induce incorporation of [3H]glucosamine into three(More)
Clones have been isolated from the human astrocytoma cell line G-CCM. Homogenates of clone D384 contain an adenylate cyclase that is stimulated by 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylamine (dopamine), noradrenaline, and isoprenaline with Ka apparent values of 4, 56, and 2.7 microM, respectively. The Ka apparent value for dopamine was increased by the D-1 antagonist(More)
Survival and proliferation of cell cultures from human anaplastic astrocytomas were shown to be enhanced by glucocorticoids with an optimal concentration of approximately 2.5 x 10(-5)M (10 micrograms/ml). The stimulation of proliferation was only observed in a clonal growth assay and was reversed as the size of individual colonies reached approximately 50(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) pumps multiple types of drugs out of the cell, using energy generated from ATP, and confers multidrug resistance (MDR) on cancer cells. ZD6474 is an orally active, selective inhibitor of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, epidermal growth factor receptor, and rearranged during transfection tyrosine kinases. This study was(More)
A number of in vitro and in vivo studies (for review see Kaye & Merry, 1985) have shown that resistance to adriamycin (doxorubicin; ADR) can be circumvented by the calcium antagonist verapamil (VPM). This effect has been noted both in animal and in human tumour lines and a clinical trial investigating the value of this approach in human small cell lung(More)
An attempt has been made to construct an assay potentially suitable for use with primary cultures of human tumours to measure the survival of exponentially growing monolayer cultures after exposure to anti-neoplastic drugs. Cell survival was assessed using their protein synthetic capacity after removal of drugs. HeLa cells were employed to avoid the(More)
We have investigated the mechanism of resistance to adriamycin (ADR) of 3 human glioma cell lines in culture. The cell lines had different inherent sensitivities to ADR. Verapamil increased the ADR sensitivities of the 2 most resistant cell lines (G-UVW and G-CCM) by up to 5-fold. This effect was not seen in a sensitive cell line (G-MCF). Although the(More)
Synthesis of pulmonary surfactant (PS) is necessary for normal functioning of the lungs and its production is indicative of normal differentiated lung. The human alveolar carcinoma, A549, has been found to synthesis and secrete PS in vitro. The purpose of this study was to optimise the culture conditions for PS synthesis by A549 as well as to determine the(More)
Cell-line misidentification and contamination with microorganisms, such as mycoplasma, together with instability, both genetic and phenotypic, are among the problems that continue to affect cell culture. Many of these problems are avoidable with the necessary foresight, and these Guidelines have been prepared to provide those new to the field and others(More)