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Five products of the dynorphin gene--alpha-neo-endorphin, beta-neo-endorphin, dynorphin A, dynorphin A-(1-8), and dynorphin B--were measured in various regions of rat brain and in rat spinal cord and pituitary. Specific antisera were used, supplemented by gel permeation analysis and high performance liquid chromatography, confirming the presence of(More)
A rich plexus of dynorphin (DYN)-containing fibers and terminals is present throughout the substantia nigra-ventral tegmental area (SN-VTA). Lesion studies have indicated that these terminals originate, in part, from DYN-containing cell bodies in the caudate-putamen. We have utilized combined immunofluorescence and retrograde tracing techniques to confirm(More)
Brain serotonin (5-HT) levels and accumulation rate within the dorsal raphe nucleus (DR) were elevated in ovariectomized (OVX) rats after ovarian steroid treatment, which consisted of estradiol benzoate (EB) followed by progesterone (P) 48 hr later. Some animals were also given the monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor pargyline at designated times 10-40 min(More)
Dynorphin-32 was recently isolated from porcine pituitary and shown to consist of dynorphin A (the originally isolated dynorphin heptadecapeptide) at the amino terminus, followed by Lys-Arg (a putative signal for proteolytic cleavage) and then a tridecapeptide, dynorphin B, at the carboxyl terminus. Dynorphin B, like dynorphin A, contains leucine(More)
We have provided evidence for the existence of a biologically active opioid in toad (Bufo marinus) brain that is immunoreactive with antiserum raised against dynorphin (1-13). Compared with porcine dynorphin, this opioid is similar in apparent molecular weight on the basis of gel permeation chromatography and is more hydrophobic on the basis of(More)
The mouse neuroblastoma x rat glioma hybrid NG108-15 was previously shown to express delta opioid receptors. Because neuroblastoma cells display different phenotypes and cloned cell lines are heterogenous, we studied the characteristics and distribution of human 125I-beta-endorphin (125I-beta E) binding sites in cultures of NG108-15 cells with the use of(More)
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