R . I . Bakalli

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Phytase supplementation over a range of different levels of dietary Ca and nonphytate phosphorus (NPP) was investigated by comparing surface response curves from regression equations generated with (experiment 1) and without (experiment 2) phytase using various performance and bone quality parameters. Cobb x Cobb broiler chicks were raised from 0 to 16 d in(More)
Male Ross x Ross 208 chickens were fed from hatching to 21 d of age either a control diet (based on corn and soybean meal) or the control diet supplemented with 0, 1.5, 3.0, and 4.5% of a commercial garlic powder in Experiments 1 and 2. Once the dose-response relationship was established, 3% garlic powder or 63 or 180 mg/kg copper as cupric citrate or(More)
An experiment was conducted to compare two common methods of estimating bone ash from growing broiler chicks (A = autoclaving; B = boiling/extracting). Ross x Ross 1-d-old broiler chicks were fed a corn-soy, phosphorus-deficient diet (22.7% CP, 1% calcium, 0.22% non-phytate phosphorus), with 0, 750, 1,500, 3,000, or 6,000 units of phytase (FTU) to produce(More)
Three experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that extruding cottonseed meal (CSM) with supplemental lysine improves its feeding value by detoxifying gossypol. The performance of 1-wk-old straight-run Peterson x Arbor Acres broiler chicks fed diets containing 20% feed-grade or extruded CSM was compared with that of control chicks fed corn and(More)
Male commercial broiler strain chickens were fed either a control diet (based on corn and soybean meal) or the control diet supplemented with cupric sulfate pentahydrate or cupric citrate in seven experiments (six in floor pens, one in wire-floored batteries). In Experiment 1, feeding 125 or 250 mg/kg copper increased growth (4.9%) and decreased feed(More)
Seven samples of feed- or pet food-grade fats (feed- and pet food-grade poultry greases, restaurant grease, white grease, animal/vegetable oil blend, palm oil, yellow grease) and one food-grade edible fat (soybean oil) were evaluated for quality and fatty acid composition. Active oxygen method (AOM) stability at 20 h ranged from 2 to 370 meq/kg; iodine(More)
The objectives of this work were to study the responses of one Leghorn and two broiler stocks and sexes to different levels of Thr and to estimate their requirements for this amino acid. All experiments were conducted with birds from 1 to 18 d of age. Body weight gain (BWG) and feed consumption were measured on the eighteenth day, and feed conversion ratio(More)
The effects of graded levels of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) were investigated as a partial replacement for sources of protein, energy, and other nutrients for broilers when the digestible amino acid balance was maintained. Zero, 8, 16, and 24% DDGS were incorporated into isonutritive diets at the expense of corn, soybean meal, and(More)
Male commercial broiler strain chickens were fed either a control diet (based on corn and soybean meal) or the control diet supplemented with cupric sulfate pentahydrate, copper oxychloride, or cupric citrate in two experiments conducted in floor pens. In Experiment 1, feeding copper at 125 mg/kg diet for 42 d significantly increased broiler growth; and the(More)
Two experiments were conducted to examine the calcium requirements of broiler chickens fed corn-soybean meal diets. Experiment 1 used a 6 x 2 x 2 factorial arrangement and was conducted with broilers in floor pens during the grower phase (19 to 42 d). Diets were mixed with 6 levels of dietary Ca (0.325, 0.4, 0.475, 0.55, 0.625, and 0.9%) and 17 or 23% CP(More)