R. Holmestad

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Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) is a common technique for chemical mapping in thin samples. Obtaining high-resolution elemental maps in the STEM is jointly dependent on stepping the sharply focused electron probe in a precise raster, on collecting a significant number of characteristic(More)
Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) data with atomic resolution can contain a large amount of information about the structure of a crystalline material. Often, this information is hard to extract, due to the large number of atomic columns and large differences in intensity from sublattices consisting of different elements. In this work, we(More)
In this article, the effects of the transmission electron microscopy (TEM) specimen preparation techniques, such as ion milling and tripod polishing on perovskite oxides for high-resolution TEM investigation, are compared. Conventional and liquid nitrogen cooled ion milling induce a new domain orientation in thin films of SrRuO(3) and LaFeO(3) grown on(More)
Arrays of ferroelectric lead titanate (PbTiO(3)) nanorods have been grown on a substrate by a novel template-free method. Hydrothermal treatment of an amorphous PbTiO(3) precursor in the presence of a surfactant and PbTiO(3) or SrTiO(3) substrates resulted in the growth of PbTiO(3) nanorod arrays aligned perpendicular to the substrate surface. Two steps in(More)
Accurate low-order Fourier coefficients of the crystal potential of SrTiO(3) are measured by quantitative convergent-beam electron diffraction. The accuracy in the corresponding derived X-ray structure factors is about 0.1% for the strong low-order reflections (sin theta/lambda < 0.3 A(-1)). This accuracy is better than for conventional X-ray diffraction(More)
We refine two low-order structure factors of the skutterudite CoSb₃ using convergent beam electron diffraction. The relatively large unit cell of this material causes the disks to overlap and introduces a series of challenges in the refinement procedure. These challenges and future work-arounds are discussed. The refined structure factors F₂₀₀ and F₆₀₀ are(More)
Thresholds for beam damage have been assessed for La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and SrTiO3 as a function of electron probe current and exposure time at 80 and 200kV acceleration voltage. The materials were exposed to an intense electron probe by aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) with simultaneous acquisition of electron energy loss(More)
A molten salt synthesis route, previously reported to yield BaTiO3, PbTiO3, and Na2Ti6O13 nanorods, has been re-examined to elucidate the role of volatile chlorides. A precursor mixture containing barium (or lead) and titanium was annealed in the presence of NaCl at 760 or 820 degrees C. The main products were respectively isometric nanocrystalline BaTiO3(More)
The method of Quantitative Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction (QCBED) is used to study bonding effects in crystals. Because the accurate determination of electron charge densities requires extremely time consuming computations, the use of supercomputers is often necessary. In this article, we describe how the QCBED algorithm was modified to run on a(More)
Precipitates in an Al-0.87Mg-0.43Ge (at.%) alloy, heat-treated for 16 h at 200 degrees C, were investigated by transmission electron microscopy and annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (ADF-STEM). Earlier studies of Al-Mg-Si-(Cu) have shown that an Si network exists within all precipitates. Here, it was investigated whether the(More)