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Recent clinical and anthropological findings indicate that the conventional concept of the pathogenesis of periodontal disease requires review. The periodontal lesion has been defined as a generalised horizontal loss of crestal bone resulting from host immune and inflammatory responses triggered by the action of commensal bacteria, and the extension of(More)
OBJECTIVE Azithromycin is a macrolide antibiotic that appears to have both antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to investigate the effect of azithromycin on the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines by human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS The effects of azithromycin (0.1 to 10(More)
Azithromycin, first synthesized in 1980, is a macrolide antibiotic related to erythromycin. It is widely used by the medical profession as a broad-spectrum antibiotic in the treatment of pneumonia, urinary tract infections and tonsillitis. In addition to its antibiotic properties, azithromycin has immune-modulating effects and is used for this reason in the(More)
Cannabis, commonly known as marijuana, is the most frequently used illicit drug in Australia. Therefore, oral health care providers are likely to encounter patients who are regular users. An upward trend in cannabis use is occurring in Australia, with 40 per cent of the population aged 14 and above having used the drug. There are three main forms of(More)
OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND This study investigated the expression of key mediators that regulate differentiation of osteoclasts, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL), and its natural inhibitor, osteoprotegerin (OPG), in periodontitis. We aimed to compare the levels of the RANKL and OPG in the granulomatous tissue adjacent to areas of(More)
Periodontitis is generally considered to be a consequence of an unfavourable host-parasite interaction in which bacteria are the determinants of disease. An intense search continues for the bacteria, specific or non-specific, that are responsible for periodontitis and various forms of the periodontal diseases have been associated with, and are widely(More)
Increases in the distance from the cemento-enamel junction to the alveolar crest (CEJ-AC) have often been attributed to senile atrophy of the bone or to the effects of periodontitis, without reference to the condition of the alveolar crest. This study investigated the relationship between CEJ-AC distance, tooth wear, gender, site of the CEJ-AC measurements,(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) was the result of ischemia resulting from three predisposing factors. Vascular stasis, stress, and smoking were said to combine and induce severe vascular constriction at the end arterial locations of the gingivae, resulting in necrosis of the part. The(More)
The prevalence and severity of periodontitis is considerably lower than was previously estimated. The available epidemiological methods are based on the premise that loss of periodontal attachment is a unique sign of periodontitis. However, additional factors resulting in loss of periodontal attachment confound data obtained from modern studies. The(More)