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BACKGROUND The syndrome of progressive muscular atrophy decades after acute paralytic poliomyelitis (post-polio syndrome) is not well understood. The theory that physiologic changes and aging cause the new weakness does not explain the immunologic abnormalities reported in some patients. An alternative explanation is persistent or recurrent poliovirus(More)
BACKGROUND Cachectin, or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), is a principal mediator of the inflammatory response and may be important in the pathogenesis and progression of multiple sclerosis, an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. METHODS In a 24-month prospective study, we used a sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to(More)
We examined the intrathecal production of immunoglobulins (Ig) G, A, and M in 16 patients with Behçet's disease, 13 of whom have CNS involvement, and in 40 neurologic controls. Oligoclonal IgA and IgM bands were mainly detected in CSF samples from patients with active neuro-Behçet's disease and were documented to disappear when neurologic manifestations(More)
The dynamics of the photoionization of the two outermost orbitals of C(60) has been studied in the oscillatory regime from threshold to the carbon K edge. We show that geometrical properties of the fullerene electronic hull, such as its diameter and thickness, are contained in the partial photoionization cross sections by examining ratios of partial cross(More)
Because of inversion symmetry and particle exchange, all constituents of homonuclear diatomic molecules are in a quantum mechanically non-local coherent state; this includes the nuclei and deep-lying core electrons. Hence, the molecular photoemission can be regarded as a natural double-slit experiment: coherent electron emission originates from two(More)
Interleukin (IL)-2 has well-recognized effects on cerebral endothelial cells and, therefore, may mediate disruption of the blood-brain barrier in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). To evaluate the in vivo relationship of the IL-2 system to blood-brain barrier impairment in MS, levels of IL-2 and soluble IL-2 receptors (sIL-2R) in cerebrospinal fluid(More)
The absolute cross sections for the competing decay channels fluorescence, dissociation, and ionization of photoexcited long-lived superexcited H(2) molecular levels have been measured from the ionization threshold of H(2) up to the H(1s)+H(n=3) dissociation limit. The total and partial natural widths of these levels have been determined. Good agreement is(More)
Resonant Auger decay of core-excited molecules during ultrafast dissociation leads to a Doppler shift of the emitted electrons depending on the direction of the electron emission relative to the dissociation axis. We have investigated this process by angle-resolved electron-fragment ion coincidence spectroscopy. Electron energy spectra for selected emission(More)
The in vivo relationship of interleukin-2 (IL-2) to the local humoral immune response within the central nervous system (CNS) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) is hitherto largely unknown. Intrathecal levels of IL-2 and soluble IL-2 receptors (sIL-2R) were correlated to the local CNS synthesis of immunoglobulin G, A, D, and M isotypes in 70 patients(More)