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Hyperuricemia is associated with renal disease, but it is usually considered a marker of renal dysfunction rather than a risk factor for progression. Recent studies have reported that mild hyperuricemia in normal rats induced by the uricase inhibitor, oxonic acid (OA), results in hypertension, intrarenal vascular disease, and renal injury. This led to the(More)
The demonstration of in vivo arachidonic acid epoxidation and omega-hydroxylation established the cytochrome P450 epoxygenase and omega/omega-1 hydroxylase as formal metabolic pathways and as members of the arachidonate metabolic cascade. The characterization of the potent biological activities associated with several of the cytochrome P450-derived(More)
The kidney is a rich source of prostaglandins. These eicosanoids, formed by cyclooxygenase-dependent metabolism of arachidonic acid, are important physiologic mediators of renal glomerular hemodynamics and tubular sodium and water reabsorption. Two separate isoforms of cyclooxygenase (COX) have now been identified: constitutive COX-1, encoded by a 2.8-kb(More)
Mice provide an experimental model of unparalleled flexibility for studying mammalian diseases. Inbred strains of mice exhibit substantial differences in their susceptibility to the renal complications of diabetes. Much remains to be established regarding the course of diabetic nephropathy (DN) in mice as well as defining those strains and/or mutants that(More)
The ubiquitous cytochrome P450 hemoproteins play important functional roles in the metabolism and detoxification of foreign chemicals. However, other than established roles in cholesterol catabolism and steroid hormone biosynthesis, their cellular and/or organ physiological functions remain to be fully characterized. Here we show that the cytochrome P450(More)
Many interesting but practically intractable problems can be reduced to that of finding the ground state of a system of interacting spins; however, finding such a ground state remains computationally difficult. It is believed that the ground state of some naturally occurring spin systems can be effectively attained through a process called quantum(More)
Tight junctions (TJs) are the most apical cell-cell junctions, and claudins, the recently identified TJ proteins, are critical for maintaining cell-cell adhesion in epithelial cell sheets. Based on their in vivo distribution and the results of overexpression studies, certain claudins, including claudin-1 and -4, are postulated to increase, whereas other(More)
Mammalian kidney expresses all of the members of the ErbB family of receptors and their respective ligands. Studies support a role for ErbB family receptor activation in kidney development and differentiation. Under physiologic conditions, EGFR activation appears to play an important role in the regulation of renal hemodynamics and electrolyte handling by(More)
In our present studies utilizing a well characterized proximal tubule cell line, LLCPKcl4, we determined that all four EET regioisomers (5,6-EET, 8,9-EET, 11,12-EET, and 14,15-EET) stimulated [3H]thymidine incorporation, with 14,15-EET being the most potent. In contrast, no mitogenic effects were seen with arachidonic acid, other cP450 arachidonate(More)