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Criteria for the recognition of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were applied to 362 subjects exposed to trichloroethylene, trichloroethane, inorganic chromium, and other chemicals in water obtained from wells in an industrially contaminated aquifer in Tucson, Arizona. Their antinuclear autoantibodies were measured by fluorescence (FANA) in serum. Ten(More)
Occupational exposure to trichloroethylene (TCE) and other solvents impairs neurobehavioral performance. Use of well water contaminated with TCE and solvents has been associated with excessive symptoms, cancers, birth defects and impaired blink reflex. We extended these observations by measuring the neurophysiological (NPH) and neuropsychological (NPS)(More)
Prediction equations for FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, FEF25-75%, FEF75-85%, FEF50% and FEF75% were modelled for 396 normal non-obese adult lifetime nonsmokers and continuing smokers. Subjects came from a random cross-section of the white population of Michigan, a large industrial state. In both sexes, linear models utilizing age and height were appropriate for FVC,(More)
Neurotoxicity has been described in workers exposed to solvents, PCBs, certain metals, and polyaromatic hydrocarbons but not often in residents near refineries or factories. We compared the neurobehavioral performance of residents near a plant that reprocessed used motor oil and chemical waste from 1966-1983 to referents from beyond the plant's modeled air(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) above 50 parts per million (ppm) causes unconsciousness and death. Lower doses of H2S and related gases have been regarded as innocuous, but the effects of prolonged exposure have not been studied. This study was designed to determine whether people exposed to sulfide gases as a result of working at or living downwind from the(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the apparent steps in developing airways obstruction vs restrictive lung disease in men exposed to asbestos for more than 20 years who had never smoked vs cigarette smokers. DESIGN Physiologic signs of asbestosis were studied in cross-sectional age-matched groups of never, current, and ex-cigarette smoking workers. SETTING AND(More)
Pulmonary function was evaluated in 243 workers exposed to PCB in the manufacture of capacitors. Mean employment was greater than 15 years. Thirty-four of the workers (14%) were found to have a reduced Forced Vital Capacity (FVC less than 80% of Morris' predicted). Of the 34 with reduced FVC, 27 (80%) demonstrated a restrictive pattern of impairment(More)
Disturbances of memory, mood, equilibrium, and sleep that occurred simultaneously with headache and indigestion, were experienced more frequently among women working in histology who had daily exposure to formaldehyde, xylene, and toluene than in unexposed female clerical workers working in the same hospitals. Neurobehavioral symptoms were accompanied by(More)
To determine comparability of methods, postural sway was measured simultaneously with a force platform and a device that registers head (and trunk) movements (head tracking). The effects of age, sex, height, weight, shoe area, and grip strength on both measurements were examined in 162 subjects. To determine whether either method had advantages in detecting(More)