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Transgenic nonobese diabetic mice were created in which insulin expression was targeted to proopiomelanocortin-expressing pituitary cells. Proopiomelanocortin-expressing intermediate lobe pituitary cells efficiently secrete fully processed, mature insulin via a regulated secretory pathway, similar to islet beta cells. However, in contrast to the(More)
The regulation of proinsulin biosynthesis in pancreatic beta-cells is vital for maintaining optimal insulin stores for glucose-induced insulin release. The majority of nutrient fuels that induce insulin release also stimulate proinsulin biosynthesis, but since insulin exocytosis and proinsulin synthesis involve different cellular mechanisms, a point of(More)
In the short term (< 2 h), proinsulin biosynthesis is predominately glucose regulated at the translational level; however, the details at the molecular level behind this mechanism are not well defined. One of the major hindrances for gaining a better understanding of the proinsulin biosynthetic mechanism has been a lack of an abundant source of beta-cells(More)
In this study, we examined whether adenoviral-mediated glycerol kinase (AdV-CMV-GlyK) expression in isolated rat pancreatic islets could introduce glycerol-induced proinsulin biosynthesis. In AdV-CMV-GlyK-infected islets, specific glycerol-induced proinsulin biosynthesis translation and insulin secretion were observed in parallel from the same islets. The(More)
The pancreatic beta cell normally maintains a stable balance among insulin secretion, insulin production, and insulin degradation to keep optimal intracellular stores of the hormone. Elevated levels of FFA markedly enhance insulin secretion; however, the effects of FFA on insulin production and intracellular stores remain unclear. In this study, twofold(More)
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