R H Michelson

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Current methods of radioligand synthesis for the vesamicol receptor either utilize bioactive unlabeled precursors and/or generate unlabelled bioactive by-products. The presence of these compounds in the radiotracer preparation increases the risk of adverse pharmacological reactions in animals. To eliminate the risk of such reactions, we have synthesized the(More)
A series of novel lipophilic amino alcohols, analogs of the anticholinergic drug vesamicol, were evaluated for Ca2+ channel blocking activity. The effects of these drugs on depolarization-induced intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) transients were examined in single NG108-15 cells and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons in culture. [Ca2+] was(More)
Several 1,3-disubstituted propan-2-ols and one alpha,beta-disubstituted ethanol (11i) were synthesized and evaluated as potential acyclic mimics of the vesicular acetylcholine transport inhibitor 2-(4-phenylpiperidinyl)cyclohexanol (1, vesamicol, AH5183). Analogues containing the 4-phenylpiperidyl fragment (11a, 11b) were more potent than those containing(More)
Three iodinated benzamides, 5-7, analogues of the potent acetylcholinesterase inhibitor 1-benzyl-4-[N-[4'-(benzylsulfonyl) benzoyl-N-methylamino]ethyl]piperidine (2), were synthesized and evaluated as potential anticholinesterase agents. All three compounds were found to be three orders of magnitude less potent than the parent compound. However, receptor(More)
Sixteen analogs of N-methyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) of varying degrees of flexibility have been studied as substrates of highly purified monoamine oxidases (MAO) A and B. The relative effectiveness of the various tetrahydropyridines as substrates of MAO A and B were evaluated in terms of the function turnover number/Km, as determined by initial(More)
Racemic (m-iodobenzyl)trozamicol (6, MIBT), a high-affinity vesamicol receptor ligand, was radiolabeled, resolved, and evaluated in rats. Following iv injection, (+)- and (-)-[125I]MIBT achieved initial brain levels of 0.57 and 0.92% dose/g of tissue, respectively. The level of (+)-[125I]MIBT subsequently declined by 74% within 3 h, while that of(More)
Radioiodinated 2-hydroxy-3-(4-iodophenyl)-1-(4-phenylpiperidinyl)propane, 5 (4-HIPP), was synthesized and evaluated as a simple vesamicol-like radiotracer for mapping cholinergic pathways in the brain. Both enantiomers of 5 exhibit significant accumulation (approx. 2% of injected dose) and prolonged retention (t1/2 greater than 3 h) within the rat brain.(More)
Eighteen analogues of N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) were synthesized and evaluated as substrates of monoamine oxidase. In general, the flexible analogues, characterized by the presence of a methylene (or ethylene) bridge between the aryl/heteroaryl and tetrahydropyridyl moieties, were better substrates of the enzyme than the(More)
The cost of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) systems includes more than simply the airframe and payload. During operations in Bosnia and Afghanistan, the Predator UAV required support of 50 to 100 people ranging in skill set from ground pilots, to mechanics, to the guards and cooks who supported the flight operation personnel. The affordability of UAV systems(More)
The introduction of a methylene bridge between the phenyl and tetrahydropyridyl moieties of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) results in increased selectivity for monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) over monoamine oxidase A (MAO A). However, lengthening of this bridge results in a total loss of selectivity. In the present study, a number of(More)
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