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Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) is an at present inevitably lethal neurodegenerative disease which can only be diagnosed definitely post mortem. The majority of the approximately 200 victims to date have resided in the UK where most contaminated beef materials entered the food chain. Three cases in the UK demonstrated that vCJD can be transmitted(More)
INTRODUCTION To establish strategic priorities for the German national public health institute (RKI) and guide the institute's mid-term strategic decisions, we prioritized infectious pathogens in accordance with their importance for national surveillance and epidemiological research. METHODS We used the Delphi process with internal (RKI) and external(More)
The response of guinea pig T lymphocytes to different stimuli was analysed with focus on the functions of CD8-positive T cells, which so far had been poorly defined in this animal model. For identification and purification of guinea pig cytotoxic T lymphocytes, three monoclonal antibodies, directed against the CD8 differentiation antigen were characterized(More)
BACKGROUND Borna disease virus (BDV) is the etiological agent of a rare progressive meningoencephalitis that affects mostly horses and sheep. There is an unresolved debate whether also humans are susceptible to infection with BDV and if so, whether this might be associated with neuropsychiatric diseases. One recent key publication employing an ELISA-based(More)
The use of monoclonal antibodies directed against membrane proteins of leukocytes has greatly contributed to our understanding of the function and development of the immune system. Meanwhile these reagents provide valuable tools in many fields of research, stretching far beyond immunology and hematology. For guinea pigs only a limited number of such(More)
The misfolding and aggregation of endogenous proteins in the central nervous system is a neuropathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), as well as prion diseases. A molecular mechanism referred to as "nucleation-dependent aggregation" is thought to underlie this neuropathological phenomenon. According to this concept,(More)
Intravenously applied normal human immunoglobulin G (IgG) has anti-inflammatory effects in the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Systemic inflammation can originate from an overreacting amplification loop of the complement system. In blood, C3b2-containing complexes maintain complement amplification much better than the extremely short-lived C3b. Therefore,(More)