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Dual-photon absorptiometry characterized bone loss in males aged less than 40 years after complete traumatic paraplegic and quadriplegic spinal cord injury. Total bone mass of various regions and bone mineral density (BMD) of the knee were measured in 55 subjects. Three different populations were partitioned into four groups: 10 controls (healthy, age(More)
Fifty individuals with incomplete tetraplegia due to trauma underwent serial prospective examinations to quantify motor and sensory recovery. None of 5 patients who were motor complete with the presence of sacral (S4-S5) sharp/dull touch sensation unilaterally recovered any lower extremity motor function. However, in 8 motor complete subjects having(More)
Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) exhibit reduced lung volumes and flow rates as a result of respiratory muscle weakness. These features have not, however, been investigated in relation to the combined effects of injury level and posture. Changes in forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)), FEV(1)/FVC, forced expiratory(More)
Sixty-one individuals admitted for rehabilitation with a diagnosis of complete tetraplegia due to traumatic spinal cord injury underwent prospective examinations for motor and sensory recovery. The amount of motor, light touch and sharp/dull (pin prick) sensory recovery was independent of the initial neurologic level of injury between C4 and C8. In the(More)
A prospective multicenter study was conducted by centers participating in the National Model Spinal Cord Injury System program to examine neurological deficit and recovery patterns following spinal cord injury (SCI) resulting from stabs wounds. Thirty two patients were evaluated. Sixty three percent presented with motor incomplete lesions on initial(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of upper extremity (UE) pain in outpatients with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). A total of 239 SCI outpatients (136 with quadriplegia and 103 with paraplegia) were interviewed for the presence of UE pain at the shoulder, elbow, wrist, and hand. The average age of the subjects at the time of(More)
Assessment of strength using motor scores derived from the standards of the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) was compared with assessment using motor scores based on biomechanical aspects of walking in the prediction of ambulatory performance. Measurements of strength, gait performance, and the energy expenditure were performed in 36 spinal cord(More)
BACKGROUND Regional bone loss in patients who have a spinal cord injury has been evaluated in males. In addition, there have been reports on groups of patients of both genders who had an acute or chronic complete or incomplete spinal cord injury. Regional bone loss in females who have a complete spinal cord injury has not been reported, to our knowledge. (More)
PURPOSE We attempted to determine whether an introducer tip catheter reduces urinary tract infection in spinal cord injured patients on intermittent catheterization. MATERIALS AND METHODS The introducer tip catheter bypasses the colonized 1.5 cm. of the distal urethra. Enrolled patients were prospectively entered into the study in alternate groups(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of a cervical-spine immobilization using a rigid cervical extrication collar and an Ammerman halo orthosis with and without spine boards. DESIGN A mixed model multivariate design with one within factor (device type) and one between factor (spine board application). SETTING Radiology suite. TYPE OF(More)